Fujiwara no Suenori

Fujiwara no Suenori (藤原 季範, 1090 – December 27, 1155) was a Japanese nobleman and High Priest of Atsuta Shrine during the late Heian period, belonging to the Nanke House of the powerful Fujiwara clan. He was the grandfather of Minamoto no Yoritomo, the founder and first shogun of the Kamakura shogunate. He held the court rank of Junior Fourth Rank.[1]

Fujiwara no Suenori
藤原季範
High Priest of Atsuta Shrine
In office
1114–1137
Preceded byOwari Kazumoto
Succeeded byFujiwara no Norimasa
Personal details
Born1090
Owari Province, Japan
DiedDecember 27, 1155 (aged 65)
Children
Parent
Relatives

LifeEdit

 
Monument of Minamoto no Yoritomo's birthplace, Suenori's villa, at Seigan-ji.

Suenori was born in 1090, in Owari Province, where his father Fujiwara no Suekane ruled as the acting governor (daikan) of Owari Province. At the time of his birth, his father was considerably old at 47 years of age, and died when Suenori was 12 years old.[2] Suenori's mother was the daughter of Owari Kazumoto, the high priest (daigūji) of Atsuta Shrine. The Owari clan had established the Atsuta Shrine in 192, and held the position of the shrine's high priest since ancient times, passing it down from generation to generation. However, in 1114, Kazumoto handed the position over to Suenori, who was from the Fujiwara clan.[3] Since then, the Fujiwara clan became the head of Atsuta Shrine, while the Owari clan stepped down to the position of adjutant chief priest (gongūji).[4]

In August of the 3rd year of Hōen (1137), Suenori, having seen a dream, passed the position of high priest down to his fifth son, Norimasa. However, after Suenori's death in 1155, his eldest son Noritada took the position from his younger brother.[5]

Outside Owari Province, Suenori spent a lot of his time in Kyoto, and received the court rank of Junior Fourth Rank.[6]

Suenori died in 1155, at the age of 65.[7]

GenealogyEdit

Suenori was the grandfather of Minamoto no Yoritomo, the founder and first shogun of the Kamakura shogunate, through his daughter Yura Gozen who married Minamoto no Yoshitomo. Thus, besides the Imperial Court, the family had close ties to the samurai military government as well.[1]

FamilyEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Asahi Nihon Rekishi Jinbutsu Jiten. The Asahi Shimbun Company. 1994. Fujiwara no Suenori. ISBN 4023400521.
  2. ^ Okazaki Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Jōruri-hime to Okazaki 〜Sakura to hime ni mamorarete〜 (浄瑠璃姫と岡崎〜桜と姫に守られて〜). pp 5.
  3. ^ Naito, Toho (1975). Choshu Zasshi (張州雑志). Aichi-ken Kyōdo Shiryō Kankō-kai. doi:10.11501/9537297.
  4. ^ Ota, Akira (1942). Seishi Kakei Daijiten (姓氏家系大辞典). Vol. 1. Kokuminsha. pp. 1038–1051. OCLC 21114789.
  5. ^ Atsuta Jingū kyū Daigūji Chiaki-shi Keifu (熱田神宮旧大宮司千秋氏系譜, Atsuta Shrine Head Chief Priest Chiaki clan Genealogy)
  6. ^ Tsunoda, Bunei (1977). Ōchō no Meian Collection (王朝の明暗 所収). Tōkyōdō Shuppan. Yoritomo no haha (頼朝の母).
  7. ^ Nihon dai hyakka zensho. Shōgakkan. 1989. 熱田大宮司季範. ISBN 4-09-526001-7. OCLC 14970117.