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Friern Barnet Urban District was a local government area in Middlesex, England created in 1883 from the civil parish Friern Barnet. It was succeeded by the London Borough of Barnet in 1965 as one of the smaller of its contributory predecessor districts. It was at the local level governed for nine years by the local board, then by Friern Barnet Urban District Council which operated primarily with separate functions from the County Council, operating occasionally for major planning decisions and major projects together with that body, Middlesex County Council.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

Friern Barnet Urban District
Friernbarnet1961.svg
Friern Barnet within Middlesex in 1961
Area
 • 18551,292 acres (5.228km²)
 • 18741,303 acres (5.273km²)
 • 18991,304 acres (5.277km²)
 • 19141,304 acres (5.277km²)
Area transferred
 • 1 April 193459 acres:
from Finchley UD (29)
Hornsey UD (4)
Southgate UD (11)
Wood Green UD (15)
 • 1 April 193423 acres:
to Finchley UD (18)
Hornsey UD (1)
Southgate UD (4)
Population
 • 1851974
 • 18611,335
 • 18714,347
 • 191114,924
History
 • Preceded byBarnet Poor Law Union
 • OriginLocal Government Act 1858
 • Created1883
 • Abolished1965
 • Succeeded byLondon Borough of Barnet
StatusLocal Government District (1883-1894)
Urban District
(1894-1965)
GovernmentFriern Barnet Local Board (1883-1894)
Friern Barnet Urban District Council
(1894-1965)
 • HQParkhurst House, Friern Barnet Road, Friern Barnet (1884-1887)
Tudor House, 18 Beaconsfield Road, Friern Barnet (1887-1906)
The Priory, Friern Barnet (1906-1941)
Friern Barnet Town Hall (1941-1965)
 • MottoRURIS AMATOR (Lover of the country)
Contained within
 • CountyMiddlesex
 • HundredOssulstone
 • Petty sessional divisionHighgate
 • County court districtBarnet
Subdivisions
 • TypeWards
 • UnitsNorth, South, Central (1888-1945)
North, South, East, West, Central (1945-1965)

Layout and two main settlementsEdit

Friern Barnet parish (and later this District) stretched 3 miles (4.8 km) north north-west from the boundary with Hornsey parish (specifically its Muswell Hill part) and was half as wide as long.[8] The parish largely formed a counter-projection into the Chipping Barnet (also known as High Barnet or Barnet)-Totteridge projection of Hertfordshire into Middlesex to its north. In the north its land was the gentle, broad east escarpment above the head of the Dollis Brook rather than others which are higher and have several limbs around Barnet. In its south the land is gradually lower and a nascent brook feeds west to east, Bounds Green brook.

The parish/district had one main road; it was bisected lengthways by (the) High Road, the main road in the area, today the A1000 and part of the traditional Great North Road from London to Edinburgh.[8]

Until the mid 19th century the ancient parish of Friern Barnet, a depopulated medieval village — the manor house, manor barn, farm and church of which survived, had two tiny developed clusters: Whetstone in the far north and Colney Hatch in the south. Friern Barnet remained its ecclesiastical parish. Its civil form created in the mid 19th century took over the wide-ranging powers of the vestry; in a matter of decades it was largely supplanted by a Local Board on creation of Friern Barnet Urban District and as to some powers by Middlesex County Council.[8]

Planned urbanisationEdit

In common with most outer London areas, the vast bulk of housing was built after the coming of the railways and in this case mainly between the 1851 construction of New Southgate railway station near Colney Hatch (just within the south-east border) and the outbreak of World War II. A second station followed in 1871 which is a short distance from the north-west corner of the District and which is on the High Barnet branch of the Northern Line: Totteridge & Whetstone tube station. This led to high demand for housing in that area of the District.[9]

The statistics in the panel to the right show the population change, accordingly.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Middlesex County Council". Civic Heraldry of England and Wales. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  2. ^ "Friern Barnet UD". A Vision of Britain. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  3. ^ "A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 6 - Friern Barnet, Finchley, Hornsey with Highgate". British History Online. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Post Office Directory of Essex, Herts, Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. [1855. Part 1: Counties & Localities]". Kelly's Directory. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  5. ^ "The Post Office Directory of Middlesex / ed. by E. R. Kelly. [1874]". Kelly's Directory. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Kelly's Directory of Middlesex, 1899". Kelly's Directory. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  7. ^ "Kelly's Directory of Middlesex, 1914". Kelly's Directory. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  8. ^ a b c A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, M A Hicks and R B Pugh, 'Friern Barnet: Introduction', in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 6 ed. T F T Baker and C R Elrington (London, 1980), pp. 6-15. Part of the Victoria County History collaborative professional historians' project. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/middx/vol6/pp6-15
  9. ^ Clive's Underground Line Guides - Northern Line, Dates