Friedrich von Payer

Friedrich Ludwig von Payer (12 June 1847 – 14 July 1931) was a German lawyer, liberal politician and vice-chancellor of Germany during the last year of World War I. He was born in Tübingen and was educated at the seminary at Blaubeuren, returning to his home town to study law in 1865. Having completed his university education, he worked as a lawyer in Stuttgart and was first elected to the Reichstag in 1877. He reached the height of his political career during the First World War during which he advocated a negotiated peace with the allied powers and was appointed vice-chancellor. After the war, he was chairman of the German Democratic Party and remained a member of the new Weimar Reichstag until 6 June 1920. Payer married Alwine Schöninger.

Friedrich von Payer
Friedrich von Payer.jpg
Vice-Chancellor of Germany
In office
9 November 1917 – 10 November 1918
ChancellorGeorg von Hertling, Maximilian of Baden, Friedrich Ebert
Preceded byKarl Helfferich
Succeeded byEugen Schiffer
Member of the Reichstag for Tübingen-Reutlingen
In office
Member of the Reichstag for Tübingen-Reutlingen
In office
Member of the Reichstag for Tübingen-Reutlingen
In office
Personal details
Born(1847-06-12)12 June 1847
Died14 July 1931(1931-07-14) (aged 84)
Political partyDVP (1907-1909), FVP (1909-1918), DDP (1918-1931)
Freiderich von Payer (centre) with Max von Baden (left)


  • Günther Bradler, Politische Unterhaltungen Friedrich Payers mit Theodor Heuss. Ein Fund aus dem Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart, in: Zeitschrift für Württembergische Landesgeschichte (ZWLG), Jahrgang 1973, Seiten 161-192.
  • Günther Bradler, Friedrich Payer. Autobiographische Aufzeichnungen und Dokumente, Göppingen 1974.
  • Reinhold A. Helmut Franz, Das Problem der konstitutionellen Parlamentarisierung bei Conrad Haußmann und Friedrich von Payer, Göppingen 1977.
  • Friedrich Payer zum Gedenken, Reutlingen 1997.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Friedrich von Payer at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Karl Helfferich
Vice Chancellor of Germany
Succeeded by
Eugen Schiffer on 13 February 1919