French tariff of 1887

The French tariff of 1887 was a protectionist law passed by the National Assembly of the French Third Republic that imposed tariffs. It became law on 29 March 1885.[1][2]

The 1885 tariff had increased the wheat duty to 3 francs per 100kg. The farmers had requested a duty of 5 francs and as soon as the 1885 law was passed they agitated for an increase.[3] They claimed that home-grown produce could not cover its costs at the current price.[4]


The duty on wheat was increased to 5 francs per 100kg; on oats to 3 francs; on flour to 8 francs; on beef and pork 12 francs, on bullocks 38 francs per head, on cows 20 francs per head.[5] The duties on barley, butter, cheese, eggs, pigs and wine remained unchanged from 1885.[6]


  1. ^ Tracy, p. 66.
  2. ^ Bairoch, p. 65.
  3. ^ Ashley, p. 322.
  4. ^ Ashley, p. 322.
  5. ^ Tracy, p. 66.
  6. ^ Tracy, p. 66.


  • Percy Ashley, Modern Tariff History: Germany–United States–France (New York: Howard Fertig, 1970).
  • Paul Bairoch, 'European trade policy, 1815-1914', in Peter Mathias and Sidney Pollard (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of Europe, Volume VIII: The Industrial Economies: The Development of Economic and Social Policies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), pp. 1-160.
  • Michael Tracy, Government and Agriculture in Western Europe, 1880–1988 (London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1989).