French Provisional Government of 1815

The French Provisional Government or French Executive Commission of 1815 replaced the French government of the Hundred Days that had been formed by Napoleon after his return from exile on Elba. It was formed on 22 June 1815 after the abdication of Napoleon following his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo.

French Executive Commission of 1815
Cabinet of France
Fouché, Joseph.jpg
Date formed22 June 1815
Date dissolved7 July 1815
People and organisations
Head of governmentJoseph Fouché
History
PredecessorFrench government of the Hundred Days
SuccessorMinistry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord

Following the second Bourbon Restoration, on 9 July 1815 the Provisional Government was replaced by the Ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord.

FormationEdit

On 12 June 1815 Napoleon left Paris for modern day Belgium, where the two Coalition armies, an allied one commanded by the Duke of Wellington and a Prussian one under Prince Blücher were assembling. Napoleon was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815.[1] He returned to Paris and abdicated for the second time on 22 June 1815.[2] That day the two chambers nominated the members of the Provisional Government, that would serve as government until the second Bourbon Restoration.[3][4][5]

MembersEdit

The members of the commission named on 22 June 1815 were:[3]

MinistersEdit

On 23 June 1815 new provisional commissioners were named to head four of the ministries:[3]

The other commissioners retained their positions.[3] They were:

EventsEdit

On 23 June 1815 Napoleon II was declared Emperor.[6] The two Coalition armies under Prince Blücher and Duke of Wellington and advanced from the north and surrounded Paris. On 3 July 1815 the commissioners surrendered Paris under the terms of the Convention of St. Cloud.[7] With the capital and departments occupied by Seventh Coalition troops, the Executive Commission was unable to function and resigned on 7 July 1815.[8] The ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord took office on 9 July 1815.[9]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Muel 1891, p. 104-105.
  2. ^ Muel 1891, p. 112.
  3. ^ a b c d Muel 1891, p. 114.
  4. ^ Hobhouse 1817, pp. 98–105.
  5. ^ Siborne 1848, pp. 647, 679.
  6. ^ Muel 1891, p. 115.
  7. ^ Muel 1891, p. 121.
  8. ^ Muel 1891, p. 123.
  9. ^ Muel 1891, p. 126.

ReferencesEdit

  • Hobhouse, J., ed. (1817), The substance of some letters written from Paris during the last reign of the Emperor Napoleon, 2 (2nd, in two volumes ed.), Piccadilly, London: Redgeways, pp. 98–105
  • Muel, Léon (1891), Gouvernements, ministères et constitutions de la France depuis cent ans: Précis historique des révolutions, des crises ministérielles et gouvernementales, et des changements de constitutions de la France depuis 1789 jusqu'en 1890 ... (in French), Marchal et Billard
  • Siborne, William (1848), The Waterloo Campaign, 1815 (4th ed.), Westminster: A. Constable