French Institute of Urbanism
The French Institute of Urbanism (Institut Français d'Urbanisme, IFU) was a French scientific research institute that provided post-graduate training in the fields of urban planning and spatial planning. It was hosted by the University of Marne-la-Vallée, and located on the campus Descartes, Champs-sur-Marne. Founded as the Department of Planning in the University Experimental Center of Vincennes in the middle of the year 1968-1969, it became an autonomous institute in 1976 as the Institut d'Urbanisme de l'Académie de Paris (IUAP), and took the name Institut Français d'Urbanisme in 1985.
- Val-de-Marne, Par C. Dubois Auteur (March 19, 2015). "Upec-Upem : l'Ecole d'urbanisme de Paris inaugurée". 94 Citoyens.