Mickleham, Surrey

  (Redirected from Fredley)

Mickleham is a village in south east England, between the towns of Dorking and Leatherhead in Surrey. The civil parish covers 7.31 square kilometres (1,810 acres) and includes the hamlet of Fredley.[2] The larger ecclesiastical Parish of Mickleham includes the majority of the neighbouring village of Westhumble, from which it is separated by the River Mole.

St Michaels Mickleham.jpg
St Michael's church
Mickleham is located in Surrey
Location within Surrey
Area7.31 km2 (2.82 sq mi)
Population585 (Civil Parish 2011)[1]
• Density80/km2 (210/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTQ171534
Civil parish
  • Mickleham
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townDorking
Postcode districtRH5
Dialling code01372 or 01306
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
51°16′05″N 0°19′16″W / 51.268°N 0.321°W / 51.268; -0.321Coordinates: 51°16′05″N 0°19′16″W / 51.268°N 0.321°W / 51.268; -0.321


Mickleham lies near to the old Roman road known as Stane Street, which ran from London to Chichester. Then, acquiring its Old English based name, the small settlement lay within the Copthorne hundred the initial purposes of which were those of the feudal system — use for meetings of the wealthy and powerful for strategic purposes in Anglo-Saxon England and later becoming an area of land assessment for taxation.

Mickleham appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Michelham and Micleham. It was partly held by Nigel from the Bishop of Bayeux and partly by Oswald from (under) Richard de Tonbridge. Its domesday assets were: 7 hides; 1 church, 7 ploughs, 3 acres (12,000 m2) of meadow, woodland worth 4 hogs. It rendered £10 per year to its overlords.[3]

Nearby Mickleham Down was the venue for a single wicket cricket match in June 1730. The game was between two teams of three and played for a stake of £50. The teams, Surrey and Sussex, were described in a contemporary newspaper report as "esteemed the best in the respective counties" but it does not name the players.[4] This is the first and only reference to Mickleham in association with cricket of a senior level.

Mickleham is mentioned in Jane Austen's novel Emma (1815).

The philosopher and amateur botanist John Stuart Mill protested against the building of a railway though the "beautiful valley of Mickleham" in 1836.[5] The village has featured prominently in cycling, following the loops of Box Hill adopted by various versions of the London-Surrey Cycle Classic which has acquired a federation of European cycling points status as an annual event, since its use in the 2012 Summer Olympics.


Places of worshipEdit

St Michael's Church and lychgate, viewed from the south west.

The main place of worship is St. Michael's Church, surrounded by St. Michael's Churchyard. The church (in full the "Parish Church of St. Michael and All Angels in Mickleham") has a Norman west tower and a Norman chancel arch, raised in the 1871 restoration by Ewan Christian, who added neo-Norman aisles and east end. The Norbury chapel on the north side is late Perpendicular, with chequerboard flint and clunch walling.[6] The majority of the stained glass windows are by Clayton and Bell with others by Percy Bacon Bros, Morris & Sons and a modern window by Alfred Fisher (2015).[7]

Community facilities and commerceEdit

The village has two pubs (The Running Horses and The King William IV), a village shop (Rose's Stores) and an Italian Restaurant (Frascati).

The Mickleham Village Hall is on Dell Close and is available for hire.


Box Hill School Old mansion in Mickleham village, now a boarding school. It follows Kurt Hahn principles.

In the village are Box Hill School, an independent secondary school, located close to the village shop, St Michael's Infant C of E (Aided) School and St Michael's Community Nursery.



The A24 bypasses Mickleham with a dual-carriageway bypass.


Box Hill & Westhumble station, located across the A24, and towards Westhumble, provides a link to London and Horsham.


The 465 bus route runs every hour or half-hour (except nights) between Kingston upon Thames and Dorking, via Mickleham village.



Due south of the village 300m from its main cluster of buildings is the manor and hamlet of Fredley where is sited the Field Studies Council's Juniper Hall.

The Burford Bridge and the zig-zag roadEdit

Here is the hotel that was frequented by Lord Nelson, 150m north of which starts the Zig-Zag road, one of the two local roads for motor vehicles climbing Box Hill.

Norbury ParkEdit

Across the Mole and the A24 is Norbury Park. In this is the 'Druids Grove' which is an area of mature Yew trees.


The surrounding area contains many Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) including the Mickleham Downs and panoramic beauty spot of Box Hill.

The River Mole flows nearby. As its name suggests, the river in places goes underground due to the chalk bed being dissolved, forming swallow holes (sinkholes). Ian Middleton tells of his father, sometime in the 1950s, the village police officer P.C. Middleton, looking past his bathroom mirror one morning whilst shaving to see a mature oak tree disappear into the ground. It turned out that the river flowing underground had been gradually wearing away the supporting ground under the tree, forming a giant such hole which had collapsed. The subsequent pit was not filled in until about 1968 approx when it was still 30 ft deep and 30 ft across. P.C. Middleton also reportedly removed parts from an unexploded V2 rocket which fell in the village during World War II.[citation needed]

Famous inhabitantsEdit

Demography and housingEdit

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 74 51 15 35 0 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 585 175 27.4% 24.6% 731

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

See alsoEdit

HMS Mickleham, a Ham class minesweeper; the village gave its name to this.


  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ Surrey Council census Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Surrey Domesday Book Archived 15 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Buckley, G. B. (1935). Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket. Birmingham: Cotterell. p. 4.
  5. ^ Dictionary of National Biography. Vol XIII, 1903, Smith and Elder. Leslie Stephen
  6. ^ Ian Nairn and Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England – Surrey, 1962
  7. ^ "Stained Glass Windows at St. Michael". Church Stained Glass Windows.
  8. ^ Knapman, D. – Conversation Sharp – The Biography of a London Gentleman, Richard Sharp (1759–1835), in Letters, Prose and Verse. Chapter 9 (2004).

External linksEdit