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Frederick James Hanson (26 May 1914 - 26 October 1980) was the Commissioner of the New South Wales Police Force from 1972 to 1976.[1]

Early lifeEdit

Hanson was born in Orange and was educated at Christian Brothers College, Burwood. He worked as a manufacturing jeweller's assistant and a transit porter before joining the police force in 1936. He served in World War II with the Royal Australian Air Force from 1942 until 1946. He was rapidly promoted through the ranks, becoming assistant commissioner in 1968 and deputy commissioner in early 1972. His nickname in the force was "Slippery".[1][2]

CareerEdit

Hanson was promoted to commissioner on 15 November 1972, having been recommended for the role by his predecessor, Norman Allan, whose term had been tarnished by corruption allegations.[1][3] Upon taking office, he reportedly sacked 28 corrupt officers and announced that he saw drugs as the biggest problem facing police.[4] As commissioner, Hanson reorganised the force structure, changed the police uniform, introduced Australia's first crime intelligence unit, and allowed women police officers to transfer to general duties for the first time.[5][6] He was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in January 1974.[7] He was occasionally referred to as a "playboy" for his personal habits while commissioner, and critics derided his term as undistinguished.[3][8]

As with his predecessor, issues of corruption and poor management continued throughout Hanson's term. The Australian Broadcasting Corporation settled a defamation action in 1976 after alleging the previous year that he held a financial interest in a gambling club; however, after his death in 1980 freed media to report without facing Australia's strict defamation laws, he faced repeated allegations of corruption, including having received money from illegal gambling interests and personal ties to various criminal figures.[3] He retired early in 1976.[1] Hanson sought successfully to have Mervyn Wood appointed as his successor; Wood, like Hanson and Allan, was dogged by corruption allegations and later unsuccessfully prosecuted.[2][9][10]

Hanson made an abortive campaign as an independent candidate for the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Gosford at the 1978 election, but withdrew before election day.[2][11] Bob Bottom would later allege that his campaign had been motivated by anger at the decision of Premier Neville Wran to order the closure of illegal casinos.[12]

Hanson died in his car in his garage in October 1980. The engine was not running when the body was found. It was initially reported as a heart attack, but later understood to be from carbon monoxide poisoning. The coroner decided not to hold an inquest.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Hanson, Frederick John (1914–1980)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre for Biography. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "'Slippery' tries for a little bit of stirring". Sydney Morning Herald. 4 March 1978. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Whitton, Evan (7 November 1981). "How crime became, and remains, a Sydney growth industry". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  4. ^ "The men who led". Sydney Morning Herald. 5 March 1993. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  5. ^ "Former police chief dies". The Canberra Times. 55, (16, 469). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 28 October 1980. p. 7. Retrieved 1 November 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  6. ^ "Cop with the lot". Sydney Morning Herald. 12 April 1987. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  7. ^ "11 new knights and a dame". The Canberra Times. 48, (13, 633). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 2 January 1974. p. 1. Retrieved 1 November 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  8. ^ Dixon, David (1999). A Culture of Corruption: Changing an Australian Police Service. Hawkins Press. p. 19.
  9. ^ "A fine start, a controversial end". Sydney Morning Herald. 23 August 2006. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Sweet smile of success for police chief". Sydney Morning Herald. 10 February 1976. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Police Commissioner whose widow left $1m". Sydney Morning Herald. 20 December 1986. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  12. ^ "'Time to leave ... he's calling the cavalry'". The Age. 25 August 1984.
  13. ^ "Death of police chief a riddle". Sydney Morning Herald. 23 November 1980. Retrieved 1 November 2018.