"Freddie Freeloader" is a composition by Miles Davis and is the second track on his 1959 album Kind of Blue. The piece takes the form of a twelve-bar blues in B♭, but the chord over the final two bars of each chorus is an A♭7, not the traditional B♭7 followed by either F7 for a turnaround or some variation of B♭7 for an ending.
|Composition by Miles Davis|
|from the album Kind of Blue|
|Released||August 17, 1959|
|Recorded||March 2, 1959|
|Kind of Blue track listing|
Davis employed Wynton Kelly as the pianist for this track in place of Bill Evans, as Kelly was something of a blues specialist. The solos are by Kelly, Miles Davis, John Coltrane, Cannonball Adderley and Paul Chambers.
According to the documentary Kind of Blue: Made in Heaven, and an anecdote from the jazz pianist Monty Alexander, the song was named after an individual named Freddie who would frequently try to see the music Davis and others performed without paying (thus freeloading). The name may have also been inspired by Red Skelton’s most famous character, "Freddie the Freeloader" the hobo clown.
(as per the liner notes)
- "Fifty Years Ago Today: "Freddie Freeloader" and the Start of "Kind of Blue"". All About Jazz. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Kurtz, Alan. "Miles Davis: Freddie Freeloader". Jazz.com. Archived from the original on 11 February 2010. Retrieved 29 September 2010.