Franziska M. Boas
|Died||December 22, 1988 (aged 86)|
Sandisfield, Massachusetts, United States
|Occupation||Dancer, choreographer, percussionist, educator, author, movement therapist|
Daughter: Gertrude Michelson Pinsky
Boas was born in New York City. She was the daughter of Franz Boas and Marie Krackowizer, both anthropologists. She was the youngest of six children and went to school in Englewood, New Jersey. In 1923, she graduated with a B.A. in zoology and chemistry from Barnard College. While at Barnard, she incorporated dance into her studies by working with leaders such as Bird Larson and, through a summer program, Mary Wigman.
Boas founded in 1933 the Boas School of Dance, an interracial school, where she taught “creative” and improvisational dance. There were many notable students who were taught at the school, including Merce Cunningham and John Cage. Her focus was not on creating technically perfect dancers; instead, she wanted to use dance as a method of exploring oneself and the body. She sought to break down social barriers, and believed this could be done by bringing people of all races together through dance.. In 1944, Boas partnered with Katherine Dunham in the management of the school, but the relationship didn't last more than a year. The School closed in 1949.
She volunteered at Bellevue Hospital from 1939 to 1943 where she worked in collaboration with Dr. Lauretta Bender to pioneer dance therapy. There she used dance to observe the behaviors of schizophrenics and those with other serious mental health issues. Boas wrote The Function of Dance in Human Society which talked about how dance could facilitate mental therapy. Her career spanned from 1933 to 1965.
- Boas, Franziska. "Creative dance." Child Psychiatric Techniques. (1978). Print.
- Boas, Franziska. "Dance in the liberal arts college curriculum." Impulse (1953): 27–29. Print.
- Boas, Franziska. "The Negro and the Dance as an Art." Phylon. 10.1 (1949): 38- . Print.
- Boas, Franziska. The Function of Dance in Human Society. New York: Boas School, 1944. Print.
- Boas, Franziska. "Psychological Aspects in the Practice and Teaching of Creative Dance." The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism. 2.7 (1942): 3- . Print.
- Boas, Franziska. "Teaching the Lay Dancer." The Progressive Physical Educator (1941): 24–26. Print.
- Boas, Franziska. "Notes on percussion accompaniment for the dance." Dance Observer 5.5 (1938): 71–72. Print.
- "Franziska Boas Collection, 1920–1988". Franziska Boas Collection, 1920–1988 [collection]:Bibliographic Record Description: Performing Arts Encyclopedia, Library of Congress. Lcweb2.loc.gov. 2011-01-25. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
- "American National Biography Online". Anb.org. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
- "New York & the Boas School of Dance". Dcd.ca. 1946-01-25. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
- Allana C. Lindgren. "Dance as social activism: The theory and practice of Franziska Boas, 1933–1965". ProQuest 305373978. Cite journal requires
- Das, Joanna Dee (2014). "Choreographing a New World: Katherine Dunham and the Politics of Dance". Columbia University. doi:10.7916/D8251G9K.
- Allana Lindgren (2006-09-13). "The Pioneering Work of Franziska Boas at Bellevue Hospital in New York, 1939–1943". American Journal of Dance Therapy. 28 (2): 59–86. doi:10.1007/s10465-006-9017-0.
- Franziska Boas collection, 1920-1988 at the Library of Congress