Frank Laskier (1912 – 8 July 1949) was a British seaman who came to public attention during World War II.
|Died||8 July 1949 (aged 36–37)|
In late 1940, Laskier was a gunner in the Merchant Navy when his ship was attacked and sunk by a German raider off the coast of West Africa. Rescued from a raft and returned to Britain, he was interviewed by BBC radio. His famous "My Name is Frank" broadcasts during the Battle of the Atlantic affected popular opinion about the war and helped Merchant Navy recruitment efforts in America and Britain.
"Seaman Frank" became a figurehead of the Merchant Navy in newsreels, speaking tours and autobiographical books. By the war's end, sentiment had moved on and he was largely forgotten. At age 37, he died in a car accident in New York City. Today, the little that is remembered about Laskier is mixed; one observer described him as just an icon of wartime propaganda, but another critic considers Laskier's autobiographical writing to be "powerful" and the "genuine article" about a seaman's life.
Laskier was born and brought up near the wharves of Liverpool, Lancashire. At age 15 he ran away from home and spent the next ten years working his way around the world from one merchant ship to the next. He drank heavily, patronised prostitutes and even spent a few years in prison for theft; he was the black sheep of his family.
In late 1940, Laskier's ship, Eurylochus, on which he served as gunner, was attacked and sunk by a merchant raider, the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran, off the coast of West Africa. He lost a foot to machine gun fire. After two days on a raft, with no water and fending off sharks, he and the remaining crew were rescued by a neutral Spanish merchant ship, Monte Teide. Laskier was repatriated to Britain where, it was said, a young BBC radio producer overheard him tell his story in a Liverpool public house. He was convinced to recount his story on J. B. Priestley's Postscript show (Sunday 5 October 1941), so-named because it aired following the news. The Postscript episode, and an encore appearance in which "a merchant seaman talks", reached a wide audience and proved popular with listeners. Laskier was lionised by the press. British journalist Douglas Reed described him:
Here was a humble man without money or schooling. Yet he spoke the tongue that Shakespeare spoke. His voice was soft, but inescapable. He knew Shakespeare, and could interweave Shakespeare's phrases with his story so that they sounded as if they were spun that very moment. When he spoke you could hear the waves thud and smash against the sides, feel the ship lurch and stagger as the torpedo struck, see the men, with strained faces and blowing hair, toiling to get the boats out. He minted his own phrases, too, and they came out shining gold.
|"Seaman Frank Laskier Describes his Experiences". Postscript broadcast 5 October 1941. Archived 2018-07-08 at webrecorder.io|
The stories were collected in the book My Name is Frank (1941) of which a reviewer in The Spectator said, "Frank Laskier's broadcasts had the stuff of greatness; put into print they lose nothing in the reading. By a natural genius this seaman has found an expression and a rhythm which the poets and artists of the modern world have been striving after for generations." Soon after, Frank appeared in propaganda films to encourage enlistment in the Merchant Marines and went on speaking tours around the United States.
One film is a Crown Film Unit production called Seaman Frank Goes Back to Sea which shows Frank patriotically re-enlisting for the Merchant Navy; the narrator calls him a "real Englishman" who does his duty. In another clip for British Pathé, in 1941, Laskier says he wants to go out fighting again (re-enlist) to avenge the deaths of his friends, while the romantic interest with "Mary" would have to wait. He finishes with a rousing statement about losing his foot to machine gun fire from the German raider Kormoran: "Do you think I'm going to let them get away with that?" he vows, "Not pygmalion likely!"
Laskier's second book, Log Book (1942), was positioned as fiction but is clearly autobiographical, with the main character being called "Jack". Reviewing the book in the New York Herald Tribune Lincoln Colcord called it, "a work of art so simple and acute, that one often pauses to wonder." After the war Laskier moved to the US, where he tried to garner interest for an autobiographical film, but to little avail. His third and final book, Unseen Harbor, was published in 1947; it is pure fiction. Laskier died on 8 July 1949, aged 37, in a car accident in New York City.
"Seaman Frank" and his works have largely been forgotten, "Laskier was quickly forgotten when his propaganda value had faded." Tony Lane refers to him as a "Stakhanov", the Russian coal miner made a workers' hero by Soviet propagandists. However, his writing still garners praise; The Neglected Books Page, an online site that seeks to uncover neglected but deserving books, found Log Book to be "powerful" and the "genuine article" about a seaman's life.
- Seaman Frank Laskier Describes His Experiences (Two-shellac 78rpm disc set of the Postscript broadcast 5 October 1941)
- My Name Is Frank (1941; transcriptions of BBC radio shows)
- Log Book (1942; autobiographical novel)
- Film documentary The Call of the Sea (1942; as narrator)
- Unseen Harbor (1947; novel)
- "Justice Rides the Bus Line", Coronet, April 1946
- "The House That Courage Built", Coronet, Vol. 21, issue 2
- "A Nice Cup of Tea", Esquire, 1948 (Volume 28)
- "Alfred and the Staff of Life", Collier's Weekly, 6 December 1947
- "The Indisposition of Mister Macdougal", Collier's Weekly, 14 February 1948
- Pygmalion was a polite way of swearing; a substitution for 'bloody'. The most famous line from George Bernard Shaw's 1912 play Pygmalion was "Walk? Not bloody likely!" and for years after, the swear word 'bloody' was known as a pygmalion. The 1938 film Pygmalion used 'bloody' for the first time in British film, causing something of a renewed stir. For more, see The Truth About Pygmalion by Richard Huggett, 1969 Random House, pp. 127 – 128. Laskier in this orchestrated piece of wartime propaganda is playing up the part of a tough swearing sailor to rouse the fighting spirit on the home front.
- "The Seaman Who Gave The Postscript", British Pathé, 1941. Cataloguer: Emma | Stock: Black & White | Sound: Sound | Media URN: 39426 | Time in/Out: 01:14:30:00 / 01:16:19:00 | Canister: 41/81 | Film ID: 1133.09
- "Log Book, by Frank Laskier". The Neglected Books Page. 18 March 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
- Canadian Saturday Night, Volume 63, 1947.
- Tony Lane. The Merchant Seamen's War, Manchester, England / London: Manchester University Press, 1990, ISBN 9780719023972. Pg. 55
- Frank Laskier. My Name is Frank (1941) and Log Book (1943); both are autobiographical.
- Douglas Reed (1942). All Our To-Morrows (PDF). p. 89. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2006.
- Facts on File Yearbook 1949, pg. 232
- "My Name is Frank, by Frank Laskier (1942)". Neglected Books Page. 28 July 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
- Editions include two discs issued by HMV in Australia, EA 2865 and 2865; and two discs issued by the BBC.
- Gene M. Moore. Conrad on Film, Cambridge University Press, 27 November 1997. pg. 232.
- Author: Frank Laskier, at unz.org