Francis Baylie

Francis Baylie (also variously spelt Bayley or Bailey) was a shipbuilder based in Bristol, England, during the 17th century, a well established merchant shipbuilder who also built warships for the English Royal Navy.

Francis Baylie
Private
IndustryShipbuilding
FateClosed
SuccessorYard continued to operate until early 18th century
Foundedc.1625
Defunctc.1680
HeadquartersRiver Frome, UK
Key people
Francis Baylie (founder)

HistoryEdit

 
Narrow Quay in Bristol Harbour today, once the site of Baylie's yard

OriginsEdit

The yard is one of the oldest named shipbuilders in Bristol, as Lloyd's of London did not publish their lists before 1764, and Statutory Registers did not begin until 1786.[1] The oldest known Baylie built ship is the 280 t merchantman Charles of 1626. Francis Baylie's first recorded navy orders resulted from Parliament approval on 28 September 1652 for a fourth rate during the Commonwealth of England period.[2] Baylie's later attracted several other orders for warships in the mid-1650s.

ShipyardEdit

Baylie's shipyard was located in The Marsh, now predominantly laid out as the Georgian Queen Square, at an area known as 'The Gibb' or 'Gibb Taylor', a point of land which used to extend from Narrow Quay at Prince Street[3] on the River Frome. Building had already been undertaken here since at least the 16th century, as the Frome had been diverted in 1240-47 resulting in additional invaluable land outside the city walls. Baylie's yard was the at the southwest corner of the quay extended by Thomas Wright of the Society of Merchant Venturers in 1627.

When the third rate Edgar was completed in 1669 she was the biggest ship yet built in Bristol,[4] and in Samuel Pepys diary, the Admiralty administrator talks of visiting the ship and tipping the cabin boys. She had suffered damage during the launch as the fall was too great, leading to three broken lowermost ways and damage amidships. The Speedwell, built at 'Gib Taylour' and assumed to be Baylie's, also had an unfortunate launching on 1 November 1663 when four boys and men on board drowned during the process.

 
Bristol Shipyards with the yard of Francis Baylie at Gib Taylor on The Marsh highlighted

ClosureEdit

Francis Baylie died in 1678.[5] No further ship builds are recorded after the large 152 ft (46 m) ship of the line Northumberland was completed, and it is likely the yard closed soon afterwards. Gibb Taylor itself continued to see shipbuilding until the early 18th century, when it was closed in order to extend the quays and provide additional wharves for cargo.[6]

Ships built by Francis BaylieEdit

NavalEdit

Known naval ships built by Francis Baylie

MerchantEdit

Known merchant ships built by Francis Baylie

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Farr, Graeme (1977). Shipbuilding in the Port of Bristol National Maritime Museum Maritime Monographs and Reports. px
  2. ^ Winfield, Rif (2005). The 50-Gun Ship: A Complete History Mercury Books. ISBN 1-84560-009-6. p. 16
  3. ^ Damer Powell, John William Cdr (1930). Bristol Privateers and Ships of War JW Arrowsmith. p16
  4. ^ Farr, Graeme (1977). Shipbuilding in the Port of Bristol National Maritime Museum Maritime Monographs and Reports. pvi
  5. ^ Pepys, Samuel (2000). The Diary of Samuel Pepys University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-22715-8.
  6. ^ Farr, Graeme (1977). Shipbuilding in the Port of Bristol National Maritime Museum Maritime Monographs and Reports. p26