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Francesc Macià i Llussà
|122nd President of the Government of Catalonia|
14 December 1932 – 25 December 1933
|Preceded by||Josep de Vilamala|
|Succeeded by||Lluís Companys|
|3rd Acting President of the Catalan Republic|
14 April 1931 – 17 April 1931
|Preceded by||Baldomer Lostau |
|Succeeded by||Lluís Companys |
|Acting President of the Generalitat de Catalunya|
17 April 1931 – 14 December 1932
|Preceded by||Himself |
As Acting President of the Catalan Republic
|Succeeded by||Himself |
As President of the Generalitat de Catalunya
|Born||21 September 1859|
Vilanova i la Geltrú, Catalonia, Kingdom of Spain
|Died||25 December 1933 (aged 74)|
Barcelona, Catalonia, Spanish Republic
|Political party||Estat Català|
Republican Left of Catalonia
|Spouse(s)||Eugènia Lamarca i de Mier|
Francesc Macià i Llussà was born in Vilanova i la Geltrú, Catalonia. He achieved the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the Spanish army during his military career. He condemned the assault of the politically satirical Catalan journal Cu-Cut in 1905 by some Spanish army officers and was forced to abandon the army.
He was representative for Barcelona and Borges Blanques (Lleida) in the Congress of Deputies from 1907 to 1923, initially by the electoral coalition Catalan Solidarity. During the last years as politician in Madrid he moved from Catalan autonomist to independentist positions.
In 1926 he attempted an insurrection against the Spanish dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera. This uprising, the aim of which was to achieve the independence of Catalonia, was based in Prats de Molló (Roussillon, southern France). He was arrested in France for this and was convicted and sentenced to two months in jail and a fine of 100 francs. Macià left France for Brussels in March 1927. In April 1930 he returned to Spain after being pardoned; he was exiled again but returned once more in February 1931.
In 1931, after the elections that caused the exile of Alfonso XIII of Spain and gave the local majority to his party Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya, ERC), few hours before the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic in Madrid, from the balcony of the Palace of the Generalitat (then the seat of the Provincial Deputation of Barcelona), proclaimed the "Catalan Republic, expecting that the other peoples of Spain constitute themselves as republics, in order to establish the Iberian Confederation". Macià was appointed as its acting president. Three days later, the government of the new Spanish Republic, sent three ministers (Fernando de los Ríos, Lluís Nicolau d'Olwer and Marcel·lí Domingo) to Barcelona to negotiate with Macià and the Catalan government. Macià reached an agreement with the ministers, in which the Catalan Republic was renamed Generalitat of Catalonia, becoming an autonomous government inside the Spanish Republic. Macià was the President of Generalitat from 1932, after the first Catalan parliamentary election, until his death in December 1933.
In the National Archive of Catalonia preserved part of his personal collection, which consists of documentation image about the president travels throughout Catalonia and family snapshots. They are a repository of Mrs. Teresa Peyrí i Macià. The fund contains documents generated and received by Francesc Macià, personal and family documents, correspondence from the period before the Second Spanish Republic (until April 1931) and documentation produced primarily in terms of its political activity. The fund brings together documents relating to his conduct before being named president of the Government of Catalonia (1907-1931): As a Member of Parliament (speeches, proclamations, and conference reports) on Catalan State (organization, reports, proclamations, calls, publications, etc.), on Catalan Army (constitution, rules and organization, information mapping and geographic pathways) and on the corresponding period in the Directory of General Primo de Rivera. Finally, note the collection of photographs made in mostly pictures of presidential time. Another part of his personal archive, which consists of correspondence written to/by Joan Agell, documents of Centre Català in New York, diverse documentation and press clippings. It is located in the Pavelló de la República CRAI Library - University of Barcelona.
- "List of Presidents" (PDF). Government of Catalonia.
- "Francesc Macià i Llussà". Catalan Encyclopaedia. March 22, 2014.
- Masanés, Cristina (October 2009). "Els orígens del mite". Sapiens (in Catalan). 84.
- Esculies, Joan (October 2012). "El cavaller de l'ideal". Sàpiens (in Catalan). Barcelona. 121: 22–28. ISSN 1695-2014.
- Esculies, Joan (December 2013). "Macià, el paradigma dels conversors a l'independentisme". Ara (in Catalan): 12.
- «Qui va trair Macià?» by Jordi Finestres and Giovanni Cattini, Sàpiens volume 84 (october 2009)
- "Bowers Sends Condolences". The New York Times. December 26, 1933. p. 15. Retrieved April 4, 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Francesc Macià.|
- Biography (Catalan)
- Macià proclaiming the Catalan Republic
- Inventari del Fons FP, Subsèrie Francesc Macià, de l CRAI Biblioteca del Pavelló de la República de la Universitat de Barcelona
Himself, as Acting Presidents of the Government of Catalonia, but in 1716, Josep de Vilamala
| Presidents of the Government of Catalonia
Himself, as Acting President of the Catalan Republic
| Acting Presidents of the Government of Catalonia
Himself, as Presidents of the Government of Catalonia
Baldomer Lostau, in 1873
| Acting President of the Catalan Republic
Himself, as Acting Presidents of the Government of Catalonia, but Lluís Companys, as Acting President of the Catalan Republic, in 1934
|Party political offices|
| President of Estat Català
Josep Dencàs i Puigdollers
| President of ERC