François Lellorquis de Malmédy (circa 1750–November 1781), the Marquis de Malmédy, (also known as François Malmédy-Gray) was a sous lieutenant of cavalry in the French Army prior to 1776 and a Continental Army officer during the American Revolution after he arrived in the American colonies in 1776. He was reported to be descended from an Irish family named Gray that settled in France.
François Lellorquis de Malmédy
|Nickname(s)||Marquis de Malmédy|
Sumter County, South Carolina
|Allegiance||France, Rhode Island, North Carolina|
|Rank||sous lieutenant, brevet major, brigadier general|
|Unit||French Army, Rhode Island Line, Rhode Island Militia, North Carolina Light Dragoons Regiment|
|Commands held||director of defense works in the Rhode Island Militia|
|Battles/wars||Battle of Eutaw Springs Battle of Stono Ferry|
Revolutionary War serviceEdit
- 19 September 1776, brevet major in the Rhode Island Line Continental Army
- November 7, 1776, appointed brigadier general in Rhode Island
- December 1776, brigadier general, chief engineer and director of defense works in the Rhode Island Militia
- 10 May 1777, given a Continental commission as colonel
- 20 Jun 1779, commanded a light infantry company at the Battle of Stono Ferry
- 8 September 1781, commanded the North Carolina Light Dragoons Regiment at Battle of Eutaw Springs
- November 1781, killed in a duel by Maj. Smith Snead of Virginia at the High Hills of Santee in Sumter County, South Carolina
- Thomas Gale (2006). "Malmédy, Marquis de; Encyclopedia of the American Revolution". Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- Jim Piecuch. "Honorable Lords and Pretended Barons: Sorting Out the Noblemen of the American Revolution". Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- The Papers of George Washington, Revolutionary War Series, vol. 18, 1 November 1778 – 14 January 1779, ed. Edward G. Lengel; Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2008, pp. 234–235.
- Lewis, J.D. "Francois DeMalmedy; Colonel in the US Continental Line, Northern Theater; Colonel over the North Carolina Light Dragoons Regiment - 1779-1781". Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- Bartlett, John Russel (1856). Index to the Printed Acts and Resolves Of, and of the Petitions and Reports to the General Assembly of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, from the Year 1758 to 1850., page 221
- Malmédy, Marquis de, Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- Thomas Gale (2006). "Malmédy, Marquis de; Encyclopedia of the American Revolution".
- Bartlett, John Russell. Records of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New England. 10 vols. Providence: A. C. Greene, 1856–1865.
- Bodinier, André. Dictionnaire des officiers de l'armée royale qui ont combattu aux Etats-Unis pendant la guerre d'Indépendance 1776–1783. Vincennes, France: Service historique de l'armée, 1982.
- Greene, Nathanael. The Papers of Nathanael Greene. Edited by Richard K. Showman, et al. 11 vols. to date. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1976–.
- Lee, Charles. Papers of Charles Lee. 4 vols. New-York Historical Society Collections 4-7 (1871–1874).
- "To George Washington from François, Marquis de Malmedy, 20 November 1778; From François, Marquis de Malmedy".; “To George Washington from François, Marquis de Malmedy, 20 November 1778,” Founders Online, National Archives, version of January 18, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/03-18-02-0247. [Original source: The Papers of George Washington, Revolutionary War Series, vol. 18, 1 November 1778 – 14 January 1779, ed. Edward G. Lengel. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2008, pp. 234–235.]
- "Letter from François Lellorquis, Marquis de Malmady to Horatio Gates, Malmady, François Lellorquis, marquis de"., August 04, 1780, Colonial and State Records of North Carolina, Volume 14, Page 531
- Bayles, Richard Mather. "History of Newport County, Rhode Island. From the year 1638 to the year 1887, including the settlement of its towns, and their subsequent progress".