François Altwies

François Altwies (11 November 1869 – 5 July 1936) was a Luxembourgian politician. He sat in the Chamber of Deputies, of which he served as President from 1917 until 1925.

François Altwies
President of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
1917–1925
Member of the Chamber of Deputies for Grevenmacher
In office
1911–1919
Member of the Chamber of Deputies for Centre
In office
1919–1933
Personal details
Born11 November 1869
Remich
Died5 July 1936
Luxembourg City
NationalityLuxembourgian
Political partyParty of the Right
Spouse(s)Elise Wurth (m. 1901)
ResidenceBoulevard Royal, Luxembourg City
OccupationCivil law notary

Altwies was a lawyer by profession, and was appointed notary in Junglinster in 1897, before holding that office in Luxembourg City from 1922.[1] He was first elected to the Chamber in 1911, representing the canton of Grevenmacher. A conservative, Altwies joined the Party of the Right (PD) upon its formation in 1914. He was reelected in 1915 and 1918.[1]

An eloquent and prominent member, Altwies became, along with Emile Prüm, Joseph Bech, and Auguste Thorn, one of the PD's main weapons on the floor of the Chamber.[2] He became Vice-President of the Chamber on 28 June 1917 when Léon Kauffman, a fellow PD member, became Prime Minister.[3] Only four months later, he was elevated to President, in which capacity he remained until 1925, when the Party of the Right lost their overall majority in the Chamber (the only spell in the era of proportional representation in which any party has held it).[3]

Altwies played a key role in putting down the attempted communist revolution led by Émile Servais in January 1919, calling upon French soldiers to intervene in the crisis.[4] When proportional representation was introduced, in 1919, he moved to representing Centre, for which he was returned again in 1925 and 1931.[1] He was appointed a Councillor of State in 1933. He died on 5 July 1936 in Luxembourg City.[5]

He married Elise Wurth (1879–1966) on 21 May 1901. They lived together on the maison de maître of Luxembourg City's prestigious Boulevard Royal.[6]

DecorationsEdit

Altwies was awarded the following national decorations:[6]

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Mersch (1967), p. 373
  2. ^ Mersch (1967), p. 374
  3. ^ a b Mersch (1967), p. 375
  4. ^ Thewes (2003), p. 81
  5. ^ Mersch (1967), p. 377
  6. ^ a b Mersch (1967), p. 376

ReferencesEdit

  • Mersch, Jules (1967). "François Altwies". In Mersch, Jules (ed.). Biographie nationale du pays de Luxembourg (in French). Luxembourg City: Victor Buck. pp. 373–378. Retrieved 28 November 2008.
  • Thewes, Guy (July 2003). Les gouvernements du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg depuis 1848 (in French) (Édition limitée ed.). Luxembourg City: Service Information et Presse. ISBN 2-87999-118-8. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
Political offices
Preceded by
Edouard Hemmer
President of the Chamber of Deputies
1917–1925
Succeeded by
René Blum