Frédéric Back, OC CQ (April 8, 1924 – December 24, 2013) was a Canadian artist and film director of short animated films. During a long career with Radio-Canada, the French-language service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, he was nominated for four Academy Awards, winning two, for his 1981 film Crac  and the 1987 film  The Man Who Planted Trees.
|Died||December 24, 2013 (aged 89)|
|Awards||Order of Canada|
National Order of Quebec
Governor General's Performing Arts Award
Born in Saarbrücken, The Territory of the Saar Basin, and raised in Strasbourg, Back's family moved to Paris at the start of the Second World War. Back studied art, first at the École Estienne and then at École régionale des beaux-arts de Rennes. Back's first exhibition took place at the Salon de la Marine in 1946.
In 1952, Back was hired by Radio-Canada to create titles for its television programs, and remained there the rest of his career. Back also provided artwork for Denys Arcand's 1964 National Film Board of Canada short documentary Samuel de Champlain (Québec 1603).
Back created a massive stained glass mural entitled L’histoire de la musique à Montréal ("history of music in Montreal") at the Place-des-Arts Metro station in Montreal. Unveiled on December 20, 1967, this stained glass was the first work of art to be commissioned for the Montreal metro system.
Back was nominated for a 1989 Governor General's Award in the Children's Literature – Illustration category for L'Homme qui plantait des arbres. In 1989, he was made a Knight of the National Order of Quebec. In 1990, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. Back was awarded a Governor General's Performing Arts Award for Lifetime Artistic Achievement, Canada's foremost distinction in the performing arts, in 1994. In 2004, he was awarded the Eco-Hero Media Award from the Planet in Focus film festival. He received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the World Festival of Animated Film - Animafest Zagreb in 2010.
Back was a vegetarian and animal rights activist. He often said: "Animals are my friends and I do not eat my friends". He gave conferences on the subject and participated in demonstrations to support animal rights. Back founded "Société Québécoise pour la Défense des Animaux", a society to protect animals.
Back died of cancer in Montreal on December 24, 2013.
In 1980, Back was nominated for an Academy Award for Animated Short Film for his film Tout rien (All Nothing in English).  In 1982, he won the Academy Award for Animated Short Film for his film Crac!. In 1988, he won his second Academy Award for Animated Short Film for his 1987 L'homme qui plantait des arbres (The Man Who Planted Trees in English).  In 1994, he was nominated again for an Academy Award for Animated Short Film, for his film Le fleuve aux grandes eaux (Mighty River in English). 
The moving image collection of Frédéric Back is held at the Academy Film Archive.
- Short Film Winners: 1982 Oscars-YouTube
- The Man Who Planted Trees: Giorno, Jean-Internet Archive
- Hustak, Alan. "Montrealer Frédéric Back won Oscars for animated films". The Globe and Mail. 26 January 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- "Samuel de Champlain (Québec 1603)". NFB.ca. National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- "Frédéric Back – Ordre national du Québec". Ordre-national.gouv.qc.ca. Retrieved 2012-02-20.
- Animator Frederic Back, two-time Oscar winner, dies at 89-LA Times
- Short Film Winners: 1981 Oscars-YouTube
- The Man Who Planted Trees Wins Animated Short: 1988 Oscars-YouTube
- Short Film Oscar® Winners in 1994-Oscars on YouTube
- "Frédéric Back". Academy Film Archive.