Fort Dummer was built in the winter of 1724 in what is now the Town of Brattleboro in southeastern Vermont. Today, it is notable as the first permanent European settlement in Vermont. The original site of the fort is now lost below the waters of the Connecticut River impoundment of the Vernon Dam.
|Fort Dummer State Park|
|Location||517 Old Guilford Road|
|Area||217 acres (88 ha)|
|Operated by||Vermont Department of Forests, Parks, and Recreation|
|Open||Memorial Day weekend - Labor Day weekend|
Fort Dummer was a British fort built during Dummer's War by the colonial militia of the Province of Massachusetts Bay under the command of Lieutenant Timothy Dwight in what is now the Town of Brattleboro, in southeastern Vermont. This was in the heart of one of the three main sections of the Equivalent Lands.
The fort was the first permanent European settlement in Vermont. It consisted of a 180-square foot (17 m²) wooden stockade with 12 guns manned by 55 men (43 English soldiers and 12 Mohawk Indians). It was named after Lieutenant Governor William Dummer, who was acting governor of Massachusetts at the time of the fort's construction.
Near the former site of the fort is a granite monument, which is one mile (2 km) south of the Brattleboro railway station.
Fort Dummer State ParkEdit
The park overlooks the former site of Fort Dummer which was flooded when the Vernon Dam was built on the Connecticut River in 1908. The granite monument that commemorates the fort is not within the borders of the park. The monument itself was moved in 1908 to prevent it from being lost after the dam was completed. The original site of the fort can be seen from the northernmost scenic vista on the Sunrise Trail within the park. It is now underwater near the lumber company located on the western bank of the river.
Campground facilities include 50 tent/trailer sites and 10 lean-to sites, toilet buildings with hot showers, and a sanitary dump station. Other facilities include a small picnic area, three short hiking trails, one of which leads to a swimming hole, and a large open field.
- Note: Timothy Dwight of Northhampton, Massachusetts
- Equivalent Lands; webpage; Vermont History on-line; accessed April 26, 2020
- Brattleboro History - WordPress & Atahualpa 2012
- "Fort Dummer State Park". Vermont State Parks. Archived from the original on 17 October 2010. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
- "Fort Dummer State Park". Oh Ranger. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
- "Fort Dummer State Park". Trail Finder. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fort Dummer.|