Fort Duffield is a Union American Civil War fort located outside West Point, Kentucky. It saw use in 1862, and was abandoned when it appeared that the war would never come near the fort. Ironically, John Hunt Morgan would in 1863 lead his Raiders right past the fort and may have been stopped had the fort not been abandoned.
|Nearest city||West Point, Kentucky|
|Website||Civil War Fort Duffield|
|NRHP reference No.||93001584 |
|Added to NRHP||January 31, 1994|
William Tecumseh Sherman was concerned with the Confederate positions in Bowling Green and Columbus, and sent the 37th Indiana and the 9th Michigan regiments to West Point. The plan was to use West Point as a Union supply base for Elizabethtown. Sherman ordered the fort to be built on Pearman Hill to protect the town and supply route. Construction began on November 3, 1861, and was finished in two months. The fort was named for the Rev. George Duffield of Detroit, whose son, Colonel William W. Duffield, led the 9th Michigan Infantry . There were 950 troops stationed there, but they were soon sent to the front lines and the fort was mostly unused in 1862, seeing its last use that fall.
The fort is mostly a serpentine wall, unlike the typical star-shaped Civil War forts in Kentucky. The earthworks of the fort are well-preserved. Originally there was a one-mile clearing between the fort and any trees, but since the fort's abandonment the forest has grown back around the fort. A fresh water spring was inside the fort.
In 1995 A team of volunteers lead by Billy Morris and Dennis Wren started the clearing of overgrowth. By 1996 it was opened as a tourist attraction. You could catch a bus in the town of Westpoint and ride it to the top of the steep hill where there are wooden facilities and an information station showing a map of the fort and the different paths to take. The full tour of the fort included wooden walkways to the top where you could see small cabins built and tents where reenactors would do demonstrations. You could follow the path on to the look out point that gives a clear view of the Ohio river and Westpoint. From there you were able to take a small pathway past the very natural spring that was used in the times of the civil war. this trail took you back to the beginning of the wooden pathway and start of the walking tourby the information station and outhouses.
As of 2021 there are not any reenactments currently or bus rides but you can still hike the hill and follow the trails and pathways and see the little cabins and there is a bench to sit at lookout point. However it's too dangerous to go by the natural spring so that has been excluded from the public trail. Volunteers from Westpoint historical society and the Westpoint historical museum including Mony Matthews and Chris lueken help with the up keep of the fort. There is also a civil war cemetery on the west side of fort hill that has been updated with new grave markers and cleared out for visitors to experience. The bottom of fort hill has a parking lot and there are multiple biking trails to take advantage of the beautiful area that start right off the parking lot. Also there is a boat dock/camp ground to the left of the entrance off of dixie hwy (31w) that puts you in to the salt river.