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Fort Bute (1766-1779) was a colonial fort built by the British in 1766 to protect the confluence of Bayou Manchac with the Mississippi River and was named in honor of the Earl of Bute. Fort Bute was located on Bayou Manchac, about 115 miles (185 km) up the Mississippi River from New Orleans, on the far western border of British West Florida. It was one of the three outposts maintained by the British in the lower Mississippi along with Fort Panmure and the Baton Rouge outpost.[1]

Fort Bute
West Florida Map 1767.jpg
British West Florida in 1767
LocationBritish West Florida, now East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana
Coordinates30°19′25″N 91°8′13″W / 30.32361°N 91.13694°W / 30.32361; -91.13694
Built1776 (1776)
Built byKingdom of Great Britain
Demolished1779
Important eventsCapture of Fort Bute
Gulf Coast campaign
Fort Bute is located in Louisiana
Fort Bute
Fort Bute
Location of Fort Bute

Contents

Passage to MobileEdit

On October 20, 1763, Major Robert Farmar of the Thirty-fourth Regiment and Commander of His Britannic Majesty's troops declared that all of the inhabitants of West Florida were subjects of England.[2] The British led by Colonel Taylor began clearing out the Iberville River and building a path from British West Florida to the "14th British colony" of Mobile. Captain James Campbell along with 50 African slaves cleared a channel to the Mississippi River.[3] It was during this time that Major Robert Farmar planned to build Fort Bute for protecting the workers and local settlers.[4]

Fort constructionEdit

In the year 1765 construction materials and an engineer named Archibald Robertson from Pensacola arrived in Bayou Manchac. Archibald Robertson supervised the planning and construction of Fort Bute. The fort consisted of a single Blockhouse surrounded by a stockade. The fort was designed to hold up to 200 men with a single officers quarters.[5]

Capture of Fort ButeEdit

On September 3, 1779 Colonel Alexander Dickson removed nearly all the troops from the fort leaving only 23 soldiers at the fort.[6] The troops were ordered to march to the Baton Rouge outpost. Bernardo de Gálvez, the Governor of Spanish Luisiana and Commander of the troops of the Catholic Majesty gathered 1427 militiamen consisting of 600 multinational settlers and 160 Native Americans and 667 Spaniard infantrymen.[7] Gálvez slowly marched his troops towards Bayou Manchac through the muddy swamp at nine miles each day. The Spanish arrived at Fort Bute 11 days after beginning the march.

At dawn on September 7, 1779 the Spanish captured Fort Bute with no casualties. One British Captain, one Lieutenant and eighteen soldiers were taken as prisoners. Three British soldiers ran away from the battle and fled towards Baton Rouge.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Public Archives of Canada (1884). Rapport sur les archives du Canada. Imprimerie Maclean, Roger et Cie. pp. 4–.
  2. ^ Rose Meyers (1 March 1999). A History of Baton Rouge, 1699--1812. LSU Press. pp. 22–. ISBN 978-0-8071-2431-4.
  3. ^ Rose Meyers (1 March 1999). A History of Baton Rouge, 1699--1812. LSU Press. pp. 23–. ISBN 978-0-8071-2431-4.
  4. ^ Dunbar Rowland (1907). Mississippi: Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form. Southern Historical Publishing Association. pp. 301–.
  5. ^ Rose Meyers (1 March 1999). A History of Baton Rouge, 1699--1812. LSU Press. pp. 23–. ISBN 978-0-8071-2431-4.
  6. ^ Alcée Fortier (1914). Louisiana: Comprising Sketches of Parishes, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form. Century historical association. pp. 414–.
  7. ^ Gonzalo M. Quintero Saravia (23 March 2018). Bernardo de Gálvez: Spanish Hero of the American Revolution. University of North Carolina Press. pp. 149–. ISBN 978-1-4696-4080-8.
  8. ^ Thomas E. Chavez (2004). Spain and the Independence of the United States: An Intrinsic Gift. UNM Press. pp. 171–. ISBN 978-0-8263-2794-9.

Coordinates: 30°19′25″N 91°08′13″W / 30.32361°N 91.13694°W / 30.32361; -91.13694