Fort Amsterdam (Sint Maarten)
The fort was built by the Dutch in 1631. Located near Great Bay and Little Bay, it was soon captured by the Spanish who occupied it as a military post until 1648. In that year the partition agreement was signed by the Dutch Republic and France. The island, and therefore the Fort, changed hands many times between the Dutch Republic, England and France.
Today, the fort is small, and in a decaying state of repair, but still worth visiting. There are several rusting 19th century cannon in place, and several informational signs.
Important Bird AreaEdit
The fort is on a peninsula about 2.5 km long and is a registered historical site, consisting of several ruins. There is a breeding colony of brown pelicans, of up to 60 nests, on the west side of the point, on a slope below the fort. The 278 ha site has been identified as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International. The vegetation is characterised by thorny scrubland of Acacia macracantha and A. tortuosa, reaching over 2 m in height.
- Philipsburg: Crossroads of the Caribbean
- St Maartens History
- BirdLife International. (2011). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Fort Amsterdam, Sint Maarten. Downloaded from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-10. Retrieved 2013-08-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) on 2011-12-26.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fort Amsterdam (Sint Maarten).|
|This military base or fortification article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article about a building or structure in the Caribbean is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This Sint Maarten–related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|