Fort Albert

Fort Albert (map reference SZ330890) is a tower fort nestling under the cliffs south-west of Fort Victoria on the Isle of Wight, England. It was also known as Cliff End Fort, named after the Northern extremity of Colwell Bay (Cliff's End).

Fort Albert
Freshwater, Isle of Wight, England
Fort Albert, Colwell, IW, UK.jpg
Fort Albert, with Hurst Castle in the background
Fort Albert is located in Isle of Wight
Fort Albert
Fort Albert
Coordinates50°41′58″N 1°31′55″W / 50.699576°N 1.531968°W / 50.699576; -1.531968Coordinates: 50°41′58″N 1°31′55″W / 50.699576°N 1.531968°W / 50.699576; -1.531968
Site information
OwnerHunter Estates
Open to
the public
No, converted into private flats.
Site history
Built1856
In use1856–1858, 1886–1906, 1939–1945
MaterialsBrick and concrete

HistoryEdit

Fort Albert was one of the Royal Commission forts built in the 19th Century as part of Lord Palmerston's defences against the possibility of a French attack from Napoleon III. Designed to defend the Needles Passage, it was completed in 1856, after 4 years of construction, but like the American Third System forts it resembles in miniature, it would have suffered badly from rifled gunfire, so the Royal Commission enhanced it with batteries on the cliffs above. Even so, with the introduction of armoured ships, the fort became obsolete by 1858. In 1886 it was selected as one of the UK locations for the Brennan torpedo.[1] After this, only small guns were mounted on the fort. It was closed to military use in 1957.[1]

Fort Albert todayEdit

 
The fort as seen from Hurst Castle

The fort is in private ownership of harbour developments and has been converted into private flats. There is no public access, not even to the cliff tops which overlook it. It is most easily viewed from the sea, or from Hurst Castle. The battery above is part of a chalet estate at Brambles Chine, another location to view the fort which is passed through by runners on The Needles annual Half Marathon.

It has been a Grade II* Listed Building since 1994.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Historic England. "Fort Albert (459489)". PastScape. Retrieved 11 December 2008.
  2. ^ Historic England. "Fort Albert (1291552)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2015.

PublicationsEdit

  • Cantwell, Anthony (1986). The Needles Defences. Isle of Wight: Solent Papers. ISBN 1870113012.

External linksEdit