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Nature therapy

  (Redirected from Forest bathing)

Nature therapy, also known as forest therapy and forest bathing, is practice that combines a range of pre-defined, guided exercises and tasks in an outdoor environment, typically a forested area.

Nature therapy
Bamboo forest, Arashiyama, Kyoto (oliveheartkimchi).jpg
Walking through a bamboo forest in Arashiyama, Kyoto


Health effectsEdit

A 2012 and 2017 review found the evidence was not of sufficient quality to determine effects.[1][2]

Other research has demonstrated some benefits of forest therapy.[3][4] A 2017 review found that it may decrease blood pressure.[5] Other reviews found that it may also decrease stress.[6][7]


Shinrin Yoku Samurai Spain 侍

The concept of Shinrin-yoku (森林浴) was introduced in Japan since the early 1980s.[8][9][10] In Japan, Shinrin-yoku has become established across all prefectures with more than 60 Forest Therapy Camps established by the end of 2016.[11]

Following the implementation of forest-based recreation in Japan, the Korea Forest Service became the responsible agency to adopt the concept in South Korea. There it is known as Sanlimyok (산림욕). Forest Therapy is also widely recognized in Taiwan.[12]

In September 2017, with funds provided by the Ministry of Agriculture in the North-German state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, the first International Congress "Forest and Its Potential for Health” was held in Heringsdorf, Germany. Some 150 Public health specialists, government representatives, forestry experts and other stakeholders from 15 countries participated in the event. The key outcome was a general consensus that Forest Therapy (in German; Waldtherapie) provides essential health benefits and that it should be promoted as an approach for Public health and preventive medicine.[13]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Kamioka, H; Tsutani, K; Mutoh, Y; Honda, T; Shiozawa, N; Okada, S; Park, SJ; Kitayuguchi, J; Kamada, M; Okuizumi, H; Handa, S (2012). "A systematic review of randomized controlled trials on curative and health enhancement effects of forest therapy". Psychology research and behavior management. 5: 85–95. doi:10.2147/PRBM.S32402. PMID 22888281. 
  2. ^ Oh, B; Lee, KJ; Zaslawski, C; Yeung, A; Rosenthal, D; Larkey, L; Back, M (18 October 2017). "Health and well-being benefits of spending time in forests: systematic review". Environmental health and preventive medicine. 22 (1): 71. doi:10.1186/s12199-017-0677-9. PMID 29165173. 
  3. ^ Lee, I; Choi, H; Bang, KS; Kim, S; Song, M; Lee, B (20 March 2017). "Effects of Forest Therapy on Depressive Symptoms among Adults: A Systematic Review". International journal of environmental research and public health. 14 (3). doi:10.3390/ijerph14030321. PMID 28335541. 
  4. ^ Li, Q; Kawada, T (September 2011). "[Effect of forest therapy on the human psycho-neuro-endocrino-immune network]". Nihon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene. 66 (4): 645–50. PMID 21996762. 
  5. ^ Ideno, Y; Hayashi, K; Abe, Y; Ueda, K; Iso, H; Noda, M; Lee, JS; Suzuki, S (16 August 2017). "Blood pressure-lowering effect of Shinrin-yoku (Forest bathing): a systematic review and meta-analysis". BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 17 (1): 409. doi:10.1186/s12906-017-1912-z. PMID 28814305. 
  6. ^ Hansen, MM; Jones, R; Tocchini, K (28 July 2017). "Shinrin-Yoku (Forest Bathing) and Nature Therapy: A State-of-the-Art Review". International journal of environmental research and public health. 14 (8). doi:10.3390/ijerph14080851. PMID 28788101. 
  7. ^ Song, C; Ikei, H; Miyazaki, Y (3 August 2016). "Physiological Effects of Nature Therapy: A Review of the Research in Japan". International journal of environmental research and public health. 13 (8). doi:10.3390/ijerph13080781. PMID 27527193. 
  8. ^ Selhub, Eva (January 8, 2013). "Your Brain on Nature: Forest Bathing and Reduced Stress". Mother Earth News. 
  9. ^ Hansen MM, Jones R, Tocchini K (July 2017). "Shinrin-Yoku (Forest Bathing) and Nature Therapy: A State-of-the-Art Review". International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 14 (8): 851. doi:10.3390/ijerph14080851. PMID 28788101. 
  10. ^ Kuo M (2015-08-25). "How might contact with nature promote human health? Promising mechanisms and a possible central pathway". Frontiers in Psychology. 6: 1093. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01093. PMC 4548093 . PMID 26379564. 
  11. ^ "森林セラピー総合サイト". 森林セラピー®総合サイト. 
  12. ^ Yu, C. P., Lin, C. M., Tsai, M. J., Tsai, Y. C., & Chen, C. Y. (2017). Effects of Short Forest Bathing Program on Autonomic Nervous System Activity and Mood States in Middle-Aged and Elderly Individuals. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(8). [1]
  13. ^ Baederverband Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (2017) Internationaler Kongress „Gesundheitspotenzial Wald“. Kongressbericht. Rostock, Germany; in German