Flying Fish Cove (Chinese: 飛魚灣, Malay: Pantai Ikan Terbang) is the capital city and main settlement of Australia's Christmas Island. Although it was originally named after British survey-ship Flying-Fish, many maps simply label it "The Settlement". It was the first British settlement on the island, established in 1888.
|Flying Fish Cove|
|Coordinates||10°25′34″S 105°40′22″E / 10.42611°S 105.67278°E|
|Population||1,599 (2016 census)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Christmas Island|
|Flying Fish Cove|
|Malay||Pantai Ikan Terbang|
About a third of the territory's total population of 1,600 lives in Flying Fish Cove, which lies near the north-eastern tip of the island. There is a small harbour which serves tourists with yachts. It is possible to carry out recreational diving at the settlement's beach.
The settlement is listed on the Australian Commonwealth Heritage List, citing the following aspects of significance:
- The buildings that make up the residential precinct are of architectural significance, relatively intact and display considerable unity in a style derived from the British experience in Singapore/Malaya. This unity combines with consistent garden planting and ornamentation and the linear nexus of Gaze Road to create a strong streetscape. The presence of semi-detached servants' quarters are also of historic importance and are indicative of the social and economic stratification which prevailed on the island during the colonial period. The residential area is also historically significant as a reminder of the phase of Christmas Island history when the island came under the control of the British Phosphate Commission and the mining industry and the supporting community, underwent substantial expansion. The Services precinct is of social and historic significance. It includes a number of early Chinese terraced houses as well as a range of structures representing each of the various phases of phosphate mining, including one of the oldest structures on the Island. It was also the Island's main meeting place where Asian workers and European staff came together through a common reliance on retail, health, recreational and other services. The precinct contains a number of buildings of special significance to the community and, along with the three cemeteries, strongly reflects the mixed racial origins of the Island.
The historic Malay Kampong precinct within the town, the Industrial and Administrative Group precinct overlooking the town and the Administrator's House 1.5 km east of the town are also listed on the Commonwealth Heritage List.
- ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Flying Fish Cove (Urban Centres and Localities)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
- ^ Christmas Island settlement [electronic resource] / produced by the Royal Australian Survey Corps under the direction of the Chief of the General Staff. Ed. 2-AAS. Canberra : Royal Australian Survey Corps, 1983. Scale 1:10 000 transverse Mercator proj. "Series R911"
- ^ Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954). 19 January 1917. See page 24, article and photo
- ^ a b "Settlement Christmas Island (Place ID 105315)". Australian Heritage Database. Australian Government. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- ^ "Industrial and Administrative Group (Place ID 105246)". Australian Heritage Database. Australian Government. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- ^ "Administrators House Precinct (Place ID 105337)". Australian Heritage Database. Australian Government. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- ^ "Malay Kampong Group (Place ID 105402)". Australian Heritage Database. Australian Government. Retrieved 15 May 2019.