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Florida State Prison (FSP), otherwise known as Raiford Prison, is a correctional institution located in unincorporated Bradford County, Florida.[1]. It was formerly known as the "Florida State Prison-East Unit" as it was originally part of Florida State Prison in Raiford, Florida (now known as Union Correctional Institution). The facility, a part of the Florida Department of Corrections, is located on State Road 16 right across the border from Union County. The institution opened in 1961, even though construction was not completed until 1968. With a maximum population of over 1,400 inmates, FSP is one of the largest prisons in the state. FSP houses one of the state's three death row cell blocks, and the state's execution chamber. Union Correctional Institution also houses male death row inmates while Lowell Annex houses female death row inmates.

Florida State Prison
LocationBradford County
StatusOperational
Security classCommunity, Minimum, Medium, Close and Maximum
Capacity1,460
Opened1961
Managed byFlorida Department of Corrections
GovernorRon DeSantis
WardenBarry Reddish
Street address23916 NW 83rd Ave.
CityRaiford
CountyBradford
StateFlorida
CountryUnited States
Websitedc.state.fl.us/ci/205.html

Lethal injection became the standard method of execution in 2000. The electric chair can still be used by request of the inmate.

FSP sits in the center of several other prisons. It is surrounded by New River Correctional Institution, New River O-Unit, FSP West Unit, and sits across the river from Union Correctional Institution. Even though Union Correctional Institution is on the same property, immediately north-west of FSP, the county line (with Union County) runs in between the two, which makes Raiford the United States Postal Service address city of Union Correctional Institution, while Starke is the USPS address city of Florida State Prison.

FSP is Florida's only prison that is officially named "prison", with the other institutions being named "Correctional Institutions" (or "Correctional Facility" if it is a privately contracted prison).

HistoryEdit

The death of Frank Valdes, a death row inmate, occurred on July 17, 1999.[2]

Notable inmatesEdit

  • Dan White (1908–1980), American actor in film and television. Arrested in St. Augustine, Forida November 1930 and charged with robbery. White pleaded "Not guilty", but was convicted in circuit court, St. Augustine and sentenced to eight years. He served only 10 months when he received a conditional pardon.
  • Mark DeFriest—Mark DeFriest, known as the Houdini of Florida, is a prisoner of the United States. In 1980, 19-year-old DeFriest retrieved work tools his recently deceased father had willed him before the will officially went through probate. This act was considered theft despite the fact DeFriest did not have an understanding of probate laws. DeFriest’s stepmother called the police, which led to his arrest. DeFriest was sentenced to four years in prison. The original four-year sentence has since developed into 34 years for 13 escape attempts—seven of them successful—and hundreds of disciplinary reports for minor infractions. In 34 years, he’s collectively spent 27 of them in solitary confinement.

CurrentEdit

DeceasedEdit

 
Lethal injection chamber at the Florida State Prison

In popular cultureEdit

  • The Mind of Mark DeFriest is a documentary film about Florida State Prison inmate Mark DeFriest.
  • Lynyrd Skynyrd's song "Four Walls of Raiford" tells the story of a convict who escapes from the Florida State Prison; The convict is a veteran returning from the Vietnam War and pleads his case that he was wrongly convicted for armed robbery and asks to be buried with full honors if he gets caught.
  • In Spawn (comics): The Undead Issue #9, the story takes place in Florida State Penitentiary where a death row inmate encounters Spawn.[15]
  • It was referred to in the show Blue Bloods in Season 2 Episode 15 "The Life We Choose"
  • In the 1997 Arthur Hailey novel Detective a police detective in Miami is driven on a marked cruiser for over four hours to hear the confession of a man on death row at Raiford. The book also mentions that Florida State Prison is technically not in Raiford but across the road in the town of Starke.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Florida State Prison". Florida Department of Corrections. Retrieved 2007-10-09.
  2. ^ Brown, Julie K. "Prison death is one of several raising questions in Florida" (Archive). Miami Herald. June 14, 2014. Retrieved on June 28, 2014.
  3. ^ "Ted Bundy executed". Florida Department of Corrections.
  4. ^ Thalji, Jamal. "Oba Chandler executed for murdering Ohio mom, two daughters". St. Petersburg Times.
  5. ^ "Convicted child killer Couey dies in prison, Florida officials say". CNN. 2007-03-07. Archived from the original on 2010-11-07.
  6. ^ "Grossman executed". WTSP.
  7. ^ "Anti-abortion murderer executed in Florida". wsws.org.
  8. ^ "Serial killer Danny Rolling executed". MSNBC.
  9. ^ "Gerard Schaeferprofile". TruTV.
  10. ^ "John Arthur Spenkelink". Clark Prosecutor.
  11. ^ "AMG Fugitives – Ottis Toole". America's Most Wanted. Archived from the original on 2011-01-10.
  12. ^ Bazar, Emily; Leinwand, Donna (2008-12-17). "Police ID killer of 'Most Wanted' host's son". USA Today.
  13. ^ Brown, Julie K. "Prison death is one of several raising questions in Florida" (Archive). Miami Herald. June 14, 2014. Retrieved on June 28, 2014.
  14. ^ "Florida executes Wuornos". CNN. 2002-09-30. Archived from the original on 2011-08-10.
  15. ^ "Spawn: The Undead #9". Comixology.com.

External linksEdit