Florida Commissioner of Agriculture
The commissioner of agriculture and consumer services is the head of the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS). The position is elected by voters statewide and is one of four members of the Florida Cabinet. The commissioner is fourth (behind the lieutenant governor, attorney general, and chief financial officer, respectively) in the line of succession to the office of Governor of Florida. The eleventh and current commissioner is Democrat Nikki Fried, who took office on January 8, 2019.
|Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services of Florida|
Seal of the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
|Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services|
|Term length||Four years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Carlos Mani|
The commissioner serves a four-year term and is limited to two consecutive terms. Although the department is largely referred to by the agriculture portion of name, the vast majority of FDACS is dedicated to consumer regulation and the protection of goods to market.
The Florida Constitution of 1868 created the commissioner of immigration, whose job was to encourage farmers to settle in Florida. An 1871 amendment created a commissioner of lands and immigration while eliminating the surveyor general.
The commissioner of lands and immigration became the commissioner of agriculture when the Florida Constitution was revised in 1885. The newly renamed post also included supervision of state prisons until the Division of Corrections was established in 1957.
The Agricultural Services Reorganization Act was passed in 1959 and took effect in 1961. It eliminated a number of independent bureaus and boards while transferring their duties and responsibilities to divisions under the commissioner of agriculture. The resulting divisions included administration, animal industry, chemistry, dairy industry, fruit and vegetable inspection, inspection and standards, marketing, and plant industry.
The Office of Consumer Services was established by the legislature in 1967 under the purview of the commissioner of agriculture. Two years later, it was renamed the Division of Consumer Services under the Executive Reorganization Act of 1969. The department officially became the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the 1927 Board of Forestry moved to the FDACS as the Division of Forestry. The FDACS was reorganized again in 1992 along 13 functional divisions.
List of officeholdersEdit
|number||Commissioner||Term Started||Term Ended||Notes|
|Carlos Mani (ca. 1798–1889)||December 31, 1845||December 28, 1888||Title changed to Florida Commissioner of Agriculture in 1868|
|Lucius B. Wombwell (1849–1900)||December 31, 1888||December 28, 1900|
|Benjamin E. McLin (1851–1912)||January 9, 1901||February 5, 1912|
|J.C. Luning (1863–1928)||February 5, 1912||February 19, 1912||Served for a total of 14 days. Previously served as the Mayor of Leesburg, Florida, then as a Lake County, Florida County Commission before being appointed Commissioner. Also served as State Treasurer from February 19, 1912 - September 28, 1928|
|William Allen McRae (ca.1870–1943)||February 5, 1912||November 1, 1923||Elected from Chairman of Pro Baseball of Florida|
|Nathan Mayo (1876–1960)||November 1, 1923||April 18, 1960||Died while in office shortly before his scheduled retirement|
|Lee Thompson (ca. 1908–ca. 1976)||April 18, 1960||January 3, 1961||Ad interim, elected from United States Under Secretary of Agriculture|
|Doyle Conner (1928–2012)||January 3, 1961||January 12, 1991|
|Coleman Hicks (ca. 1943–2004)||January 12, 1991||January 19, 1991|
|Bob Crawford (1948–2017)||January 19, 1991||January 30, 2001|
|Terry L Rhodes (1956–)||January 30, 2001||May 14, 2001||Interim, first female Commissioner, career civil servant prior to appointment.|
|Terry Man Warren (ca. 1931–2001)||May 14, 2001||May 17, 2001||Died while in office Age 70|
|Charles H. Bronson (1948–)||May 17, 2001||January 3, 2011||Appointed by Jeb Bush in 2001, elected in 2002, and reelected in 2006.|
|Adam Putnam (1974–)||January 3, 2011||January 8, 2019|
|Nikki Fried (1977–)||January 8, 2019||Present|
Living former Florida commissioners of agricultureEdit
- "Constitution of Florida: Article IV, Section 3". Florida Legislature. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- "Florida Statutes 14.055". Law Server. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- FLDOACS: Commissioner's Biography
- 1968 Constitution of Florida (as amended), Article VI, Section 4
- "About FDACS: History". State of Florida. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- Nakase, Yuta (2019). "パーンティー海軍条約". 年ぴよ.