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Florian Baucke, also Florian Paucke, Florian Pauke, Spanish: Florián Baucke (24 September 1719, Winzig (Polish: Wińsko), Silesia/Bohemian Royal Lands, (1526–1742) Habsburg Monarchy (Austria) – 14 July 1779, Neuhaus (Czech: Jindřichův Hradec), Bohemia, Austria) was a Silesian and Bohemian Jesuit missionary, who recorded the native traditions of South America.
Baucke was born in Winzig, Austrian Silesia.
In 1736, he became a member of the Society of Jesus (Jesuite).
He returned to Austria and Bohemia in 1768. He died, aged 59, in Neuhaus, Bohemia.
- Andreas Kobler (1816–92): Pater Florian Baucke ein Jesuit in Paraguay. 1870
- Augustin Bringmann: Pater Florian Baucke, ein deutscher Missionär in Paraguay. 1908
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz (1975). "Baucke (Pauke), Florian". In Bautz, Friedrich Wilhelm (ed.). Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German). 1. Hamm: Bautz. cols. 413–414. ISBN 3-88309-013-1.
- Wilhelm Kratz SJ (1953), "Baucke, Florian", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), 1, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 631–632; (full text online)