Floral Decorations for Bananas

"Floral Decorations for Bananas" is a poem from Wallace Stevens's first book of poetry, Harmonium (1923). It was first published Measure 26 (Apr. 1923)[1] and is therefore under copyright, however it is quoted here as justified by fair use in order to facilitate scholarly commentary.

The poem's speaker is unhappy about the choice of bananas as a table decoration, complaining that they don't match well with the eglantine and are suitable only for a room of women who are all shanks and bangles and slatted eyes. Recommended instead are plums in an eighteenth-century dish, centering a room in which there would be women of primrose and purl.

Floral Decorations for Bananas

 Well, nuncle, this plainly won't do.
 These insolent, linear peels
 And sullen, hurricane shapes
 Won't do with your eglantine.
 They require something serpentine.
 Blunt yellow in such a room!

 You should have had plums tonight,
 In an eighteenth-century dish,
 And pettifogging buds,
 For the women of primrose and purl
 Each one in her decent curl.
 Good God! What a precious light!

 But bananas hacked and hunched....
 The table was set by an ogre,
 His eye on an outdoor gloom
 And a stiff and noxious place.
 Pile the bananas on planks.
 The women will be all shanks
 And bangles and slatted eyes.

 And deck the bananas in leaves
 Plucked from the Carib trees
 Fibrous and dangling down,
 Oozing cantankerous gum
 Out of their purple maws,
 Darting out of their purple craws
 Their musky and tingling tongues.


This poem finds Stevens, the cool master as Yvor Winters described him, in warm good humor, putting the world's raw material in tension with imagination's desire for a sophisticated construct. The raw bananas don't quite succumb, and there is a suggestion that this is not a bad thing, if only to provide energy and impetus for imagination's renewal. Alternatively, the poem can be interpreted as about the dangers of blatant sexuality and Stevens's "fear of the force of female sexuality".[1]

Surely Marianne Moore had this poem foremost in mind when she compared Stevens's efforts in Harmonium to Henri Rousseau's paintings.[2] There is lushness and sexuality in both.

The poetic device that Robert Buttel noted in connection with "The Apostrophe to Vincentine is at work here too", in what Eleanor Cook, following art historian Ernst Gombrich, calls inverted recognition, "the recognition not of reality in a painting but of a painting inreality".[3]


  1. ^ Cook, p. 55


  • Cook, Eleanor. A Reader's Guide to Wallace Stevens. 2007: Princeton University Press.