Flip page

A flip page effect is a software GUI effect that visually shows a representation of a newspaper, book or leaflet as virtual paper pages that appear to be turned manually through computer animation. It is an alternative to scrolling pages.

Flip page effects can be found in both online (web app) and offline application software, and are often created automatically from one of various e-book formats. For example, flip page effects can be found in the online digital libraries HathiTrust[1] and Internet Archive,[2] and in commercial reading apps such as Paperturn, 3D Issue[3] and Issuu.[4] An early implementation of the effect was the flipping page effect in Macromedia Flash applications in the late 1990s.[5]

Some experimental studies have shown that many users prefer flip page interfaces for digital publications under certain conditions.[6][7][8]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "HathiTrust User's Guide" (PDF). hathitrust.org. HathiTrust. May 2012. p. 8. Retrieved 2019-06-21. PageTurner is the HathiTrust viewing application. From PageTurner you can [...] view the pages in a number of different ways, including one page image at a time, scrolling, flipping, or thumbnail views, or OCR text versions of page content.
  2. ^ Kaplan, Jeff (10 December 2010). "New BookReader!". blog.archive.org. Internet Archive. Retrieved 2019-06-21. Touch gesture support – swipe to flip pages in two-page mode
  3. ^ Penfold, Andy (29 November 2011). "3D Issue launches HTML5 digital mag creator". Mobile Marketing Magazine. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
  4. ^ Fisher, Andy (24 August 2009). "50 Best Websites 2009: Issuu". Time Magazine. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
  5. ^ Hert, Nanette; Cafolla, Ralph (2001). "Creating multimedia web sites in a flash". In Price, Jerry; Willis, Dee Anna; Davis, Niki; Willis, Jerry (eds.). Proceedings of SITE 2001: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference. Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). pp. 1429–1431. ISBN 9781880094419. OCLC 1063057038. The basic animation technique used by Flash is page flipping.
  6. ^ Liesaputra, Veronica; Witten, Ian H. (August 2009). "Computer graphics techniques for modeling page turning". International Journal on Digital Libraries. 10 (2–3): 93–121. doi:10.1007/s00799-009-0055-3. hdl:10289/760.
  7. ^ Liesaputra, Veronica; Witten, Ian H. (September 2012). "Realistic electronic books". International Journal of Human–Computer Studies. 70 (9): 588–610. doi:10.1016/j.ijhcs.2012.02.003. hdl:10289/4739.
  8. ^ Oh, Jeeyun; Robinson, Harold R.; Lee, Ji Young (July 2013). "Page flipping vs. clicking: the impact of naturally mapped interaction technique on user learning and attitudes". Computers in Human Behavior. 29 (4): 1334–1341. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2013.01.011.