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Flavius Lucius Dexter was a figure of the late fourth century,[1] reported as a historian, and a friend of St Jerome. He was the son of St Pacian, an imperial office-holder, and dedicatee of a work of Jerome, the De Viris Illustribus.[2]

He was the supposed author of a chronicle, called the Omnimoda Historia or the Chronicon of Pseudo-Dexter. It was in fact a forgery, one of a number of Román de la Higuera's (1538–1611),[3] including the continuation attributed to Marcus Maximus, as scholars now agree. The suspect authorship has been widely known since the work of the Spanish bibliographer Nicolás Antonio, the Censura de historias fabulosas, published in 1742.

Doubts were already cast on these falsos chronicones before 1600, but controversy continued late into the eighteenth century.[4] The Cistercian François de Bivar (Bivarius) published a commentary and strong defence (Lyon, 1627).[5] Later references to the Chronicon as genuine abound.[6]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ NPNF2-03. Theodoret, Jerome, Gennadius, & Rufinus: Historical Writings | Christian Classics Ethereal Library
  2. ^ Paul Burns, Butler's Lives of the Saints (2000), p. 83.
  3. ^ Garrido Valls, David, “Omnimoda Historia”, in: Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle, Edited by: Graeme Dunphy, Cristian Bratu. Consulted online on 16 December 2016 <https://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2213-2139_emc_SIM_000636> First published online: 2016
  4. ^ Roberto González Echevarría (editor), Cervantes' Don Quixote: A Casebook (2005), p. 151.
  5. ^ Amédée Fleury, Saint Paul et Sénèque (1853), p. 256.
  6. ^ E.g. its inclusion in part in Patrologia Latina