The national flag of Slovenia (Slovene: zastava Slovenije) features three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red, with the coat of arms of Slovenia located in the upper hoist side of the flag centred in the white and blue bands. The coat of arms is a shield with the image of Mount Triglav, Slovenia's highest peak, in white against a blue background at the centre; beneath it are two wavy blue lines representing the Adriatic Sea and local rivers, and above it are three six-pointed golden stars arranged in an inverted triangle which are taken from the coat of arms of the Counts of Celje, the great Slovene dynastic house of the late 14th and early 15th centuries.[2]

Republic of Slovenia
UseNational flag and naval ensign
Proportion1:2
Adopted25 June 1991; 32 years ago (1991-06-25)[1]
DesignA horizontal tricolor of white, blue, and red; charged with the coat of arms at the hoist side
Tram in Vienna decorated with Slovene flag
Slovenian soldiers parading with flag

The flag's colours are considered to be Pan-Slavic, but they actually come from the medieval coat of arms of the Duchy of Carniola, consisting of 3 stars, a mountain, and three colours (red, blue, yellow), crescent.[3] The existing Slovene tricolour was raised for the first time in history during the Revolution of 1848 by the Slovene Romantic nationalist activist and poet Lovro Toman on 7 April 1848, in Ljubljana, in response to a German flag which was raised on top of Ljubljana Castle.[4] Similar colors and designs make up other Slavic flags, particularly the flag of Slovakia.

The civil and state ensign for ships has the same design as the national flag, but a different shape (2:3 instead of 1:2). Boats up to 24 metres (79 ft) use the national flag as an ensign.[5] The naval jack uses colours of the coat of arms, a white, blue, and yellow horizontal tricolour.[6]

Historical development

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Origins

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1:2   Flag of the Slovene nation, first flown during the spring of nations of 1848.

The white-blue-red Slovene flag was first raised on 7 April 1848, on a building between Congress Square and Prešeren Square in Ljubljana, by a group of nationally minded students led by the prominent liberal nationalist activist and poet Lovro Toman. Despite opposition from the local ethnic Germans it was subsequently recognized by the Austrian Government as the official flag of Carniola. This formal recognition, albeit on a regional level, was an exception to the policy of the Austrian Government which tended to persecute national symbols of the non-German nationalities in the Empire.

In addition, Austrian authorities saw all tricolors as basically nationalist and potentially revolutionary symbols, so Austrian provinces (as the Empire itself) were only allowed to use bicolors (the only exception being the flag of the Kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia, since it was interpreted to be a combination of the Croatian and Slavonian bicolors). So the official recognition of the Carniolan white-blue-red tricolor instead of the traditional white-blue bicolor was seen as a major achievement by the Slovenes and it quickly became the symbol representing the idea of United Slovenia. In the second half of the 19th century, the Slovene national tricolor became the only truly all-Slovene symbol, representing all Slovenes, regardless of the historical region in which they lived.

The tricolor flag continued to be associated with Slovenia during the country's incorporation into Yugoslavia, although officially the whole kingdom including Slovenia had the same flag, in this case, the blue-white-red. In the interwar period, it was also used by the Slovenes of the Julian March that were annexed to Italy, where it was prohibited and persecuted by the fascist regime.

Slovene flags during and after WWII

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During World War II The Slovene national colors were used both by the Partisan Resistance Movement (usually with a red star in the middle) and by the Slovene Home Guard, the voluntary anti-Communist militia sponsored and supported by the Nazi German occupation forces.

In 1945 a red star was officially placed on the flag of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia, a constituent of the Socialist Yugoslavia.

Flag of independent Slovenia

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2:3 Civil ensign.

Following Slovene independence from Yugoslavia, the red star was removed and the new coat of arms by Marko Pogačnik was added. The flag was officially adopted on 27 June 1991, following a long and controversial dispute about the coat of arms of the new Republic.

Design

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Flag construction sheet
Scheme White Blue Red Yellow
CMYK 0, 0, 0, 0 100, 60, 0, 10 0, 100, 100, 0 0, 10, 100, 0
RGB 255, 255, 255 (#FFFFFF) 0, 0, 255 (#0000FF) 255, 0, 0 (#FF0000) 255, 255, 0 (#FFFF00)
SCOTDIC Code 777—Int'l Colour Codification System (2034) N1 N95 N46 N722509 N23 N074014 N6 N197512
Source: "Uradni list Republike Slovenije" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-06-19. Retrieved 2010-10-15.

Government (maritime) flags

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These flags are used on naval vessels only.

Flag Use Description
  President of Slovenia A white field with a thin blue border and within it, a thin red border. The national coat of arms is at the center.
  President of the National Assembly of Slovenia A red field with a blue border, with the national coat of arms at the center.
  Prime Minister of Slovenia A blue field with a red border, with the national coat of arms at the center.
  Minister of Defence of Slovenia A crimson field with an azure border, in the center is the Slovenian Army emblem.
  Chief of the General Staff of Slovenia An azure field with a crimson border, the center contains the Slovenian Army emblem.
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Flag Date Use Description
  1995–1996[7] Naval jack of Slovenia A navy blue field with the national coat of arms in the center
  1996–present[8] Naval jack of Slovenia A horizontal tricolor of white, blue, yellow.

Other flags

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Flag Use Description
  Flag of the Slovenian Armed Forces A horizontal tricolor of white, blue, and red, with the Slovenian Army emblem in the center. Surrounding it in gold (in Slovenian) reads "Republic of Slovenia; Slovene Army".

See also

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References

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  1. ^ "A proclamation of The Constitutional Amanademat C to the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia" (PDF). Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 1/1991. Ljubljana. 25 June 1991. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-08-23. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
  2. ^ "In Brief". Slovenija.si. Archived from the original on April 18, 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  3. ^ "National symbols". Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  4. ^ Celebration of the Slovene Tricolor (In Slovene: "Praznik slovenske trobojnice"), MMC RTV Slovenia, 7. april 2013
  5. ^ "Slovenia: Civil and state ensigns". Crwflags.com. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  6. ^ "Uradni list - Vsebina Uradnega lista". Uradni-list.si. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  7. ^ "Article 42 Paragraph 3 of the Rules on the Registration and Marking of Vehicles, Aircraft and Vessels of Ministry of Defence". The Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 67/1995, 23. 11. 1995.
  8. ^ "Article 1 of the Rules amending Rules on the Registration and Marking of Vehicles, Aircraft and Vessels of the Ministry of Defence". The Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 34/1996, 29. 6. 1996. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
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