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English cricket team in Australia and New Zealand in 1876–77

The 1876–77 tour of Australia and New Zealand was at the time considered to be another professional first-class cricket tour of the colonies, as similar tours had occurred previously, but retrospectively it became classified as the first Test cricket tour of Australia by the English cricket team. The English team is sometimes referred to as James Lillywhite's XI. In all, they played 23 matches but only three including the two Tests are recognised as first-class. The first match started at the Adelaide Oval on 16 November 1876 and the last at the same venue on 14 April 1877. There were fifteen matches in Australia and, between January and March, eight in New Zealand.

1876-77 Australia v England Series
Date15 March 1877 – 4 April 1877
ResultThe 2-Test series was drawn 1-1
 Australia  England
Dave Gregory James Lillywhite
Most runs
Charles Bannerman (209)
Nat Thomson (67)
George Ulyett (139)
Allen Hill (101)
Most wickets
Tom Kendall (14)
Billy Midwinter (8)
James Lillywhite (8)
Alfred Shaw (8)
1877 newspaper article describing the first two days of the first match

A rival tour had been proposed by Fred Grace but was cancelled, enabling most of the best players of the Australian colonies to participate in two matches against James Lillywhite's side. Fred Spofforth, widely regarded as the best Australian fast bowler, controversially withdrew from the first match in protest over the omission of Billy Murdoch as wicket-keeper. Starting on 15 March 1877 the two sides played two matches, later designated Test matches, and the series was drawn 1-1.

For more details about the establishment of Test cricket, see The first Test tour - 1876/7. Although both matches have Test status, this series is not considered to be part of The Ashes, which began in 1882.



First TestEdit

15–19 March 1877
245 (169.3 overs)
Charles Bannerman 165 (r/h)
Alfred Shaw 3/51 (55.3 overs)
196 (136.1 overs)
Harry Jupp 63 (241)
Billy Midwinter 5/78 (54 overs)
104 (68 overs)
Tom Horan 20 (32)
Alfred Shaw 5/38 (34 overs)
108 (66.1 overs)
John Selby 38 (81)
Tom Kendall 7/55 (33.1 overs)
Australia won by 45 runs
Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne
Umpires: Curtis Reid (Aus) and Ben Terry (Eng)
  • Australia won the toss and elected to bat.

Second TestEdit

31 March – 4 April 1877
122 (112.1 overs)
Billy Midwinter 31
Allen Hill 4/27 (27 overs)
261 (130.2 overs)
George Ulyett 52
Tom Kendall 4/82 (52.2 overs)
259 (154.3 overs)
Dave Gregory 43
James Southerton 4/46 (28.3 overs)
6/122 (52.1 overs)
George Ulyett 63
John Hodges 2/13 (6 overs)
England won by 4 wickets
Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne
Umpires: Sam Cosstick (Aus) and Ben Terry (Eng)


Individual recordsEdit

Most runs Charles Bannerman 209
Most wickets Tom Kendall 14
Most catches (excluding wicket keepers) Tom Emmett 4
Highest individual innings Charles Bannerman 165 (retired hurt)
Best innings bowling Tom Kendall 7/55 (First Test, 2nd Innings)
Highest match total Charles Bannerman 169 (First test)
Best match bowling Tom Kendall /
Alfred Shaw
8 (Second Test)

Team recordsEdit

Best Innings England 261 (Second Test, 1st Innings)
Worst Innings England 108 (First Test, 2nd Innings)
Tosses Won Australia 2 (of 2)

Other recordsEdit


  1. ^ Ted Pooley was also a member of the touring party, but had had to be left behind in New Zealand, facing a charge of assault.

External linksEdit