First Battle of Artois
The First Battle of Artois (17 December 1914 – 13 January 1915) was a battle fought during World War I by the French and German armies on the Western Front. The battle was the first offensive move on the Western Front by either side after the end of the First Battle of Ypres in November 1914. The French assault failed to break the stalemate.
During what became known as the Race to the Sea the Battle of Arras (1–4 October) had been fought, after which local operations, particularly on the Lorette Spur, continued during the First Battle of Flanders to the north.
In May 1915, the Tenth Army conducted an offensive known as the Second Battle of Artois. The Third Battle of Artois, sometimes called the Artois–Loos Offensive, took place from 25 September – 15 October 1915.
- Sheffield, G. D. (2007). War on the Western Front. Oxford: Osprey. ISBN 978-1-84603-210-3.
- Sumner, I. (2009). French Poilu 1914–18. Oxford: Osprey. ISBN 978-1-84603-332-2.
- Tucker, Spencer; Roberts, Priscilla Mary (2005). World War I: Encyclopaedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-85109-420-2.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to First Battle of Artois.|