Firmiana[1] is a genus of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, formerly placed in the now defunct Sterculiaceae; it may sometimes be called the "parasol tree". The genus name honours Karl Joseph von Firmian.[2]

Firmiana simplex3.jpg
Firmiana simplex
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Sterculioideae
Genus: Firmiana
Marsili, 1786


The Catalogue of Life lists 16 species:[3]



  1. ^ Marsili GM (1786) Saggi Sci. Lett. Accad. Padova i. 106
  2. ^ "Firmiana simplex". Plant Finder. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  3. ^ Roskov Y.; Kunze T.; Orrell T.; Abucay L.; Paglinawan L.; Culham A.; Bailly N.; Kirk P.; Bourgoin T.; Baillargeon G.; Decock W.; De Wever A. (2014). Didžiulis V. (ed.). "Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2014 Annual Checklist". Species 2000: Reading, UK. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  4. ^ Ya Tang; Michael G. Gilbert & Laurence J. Dorr. "Firmiana". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 24 March 2013.

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