A file is a military term for a number of troops drawn up in line ahead, i.e. one behind the other in a column. The number of files is the measure of the width of a column of troops in several ranks one behind the other.[1][2][3][4]

Troops from the U.S. and Bangladesh March in single file during a tactical training exercise during 2014.

Usage edit

Files are useful when troops don't know where the enemy is, since there are overlapping fields of fire from each soldier, and cover from a possible flanking attack. Files are at a disadvantage when there are heavy weapons nearby, supported by infantry, especially machine guns and tanks.[1][2]

Ancient Greek use edit

A file of men in the Greek phalanx was called a lochos (Greek: λόχος) and usually ranged from eight to sixteen men.[5]

References edit

  1. ^ a b McNab, p. 55.
  2. ^ a b Schwartz, p. 9
  3. ^ Holbrook, p. 10.
  4. ^ United States Army, p. 9.
  5. ^ "Asclepiodotus, Tactica, chapter 2". www.perseus.tufts.edu. Retrieved 2023-02-21.

Bibliography edit

  • Royal military panorama, or, Officers' companion. Vol. 3. 1813. OCLC 8007063.
  • Duparcq, Edouard Le Barre (1863). Elements of Military Art and History: Comprising the History and Tactics of the Separate Arms; the Combination of the Arms; and the Minor Operations of War. D. Vand Nostrand. OCLC 3104705
  • Holbrook, John (1826). Military Tactics: Adapted to the Different Corps in the United States, According to the Latest Improvements. E. A. Clark. OCLC 3139910
  • McNab, Chris (2007). Combat Techniques: An Elite Forces Guide to Modern Infantry Tactics. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-36824-1
  • Schwartz, Richard B. (2008). Tactical Emergency Medicine. Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 978-0-7817-7332-4

Web sources edit