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The Fiat 1800 and 2100 are six-cylinder automobiles produced by Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1959 and 1968. Both models were introduced in 1959. A four-cylinder 1500 cc version, the 1500L, was added to the range in 1963. The 1800/2100 were designed by Fiat's own Dante Giacosa.[1]

Fiat 1800/2100/1500L
1959Fiat2100DeLuxe.jpg
1959 Fiat 2100 Berlina
Overview
ManufacturerFiat
Production1959–1968 (Italy)
1960-1962 (Yugoslavia)
DesignerDante Giacosa
Body and chassis
ClassExecutive car
Body style4-door saloon
5-door estate
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
RelatedSEAT 1500
Powertrain
Engine
  • 1800: 1.8 L I6 (petrol)
  • 2100: 2.1 L I6 (petrol)
  • 1500L: 1.5 L I4 (petrol)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,650 mm (104.3 in)
2,730 mm (107.5 in) (Speciale)
Length4,465 mm (175.8 in)
4,750 mm (187.0 in) (Speciale)
4,620 mm (181.9 in) (Coupé)
Width1,620 mm (63.8 in)
Height1,470 mm (57.9 in)
1,380 mm (54.3 in) (Coupé)
Kerb weight1,250 kg (2,756 lb)-1,350 kg (2,976 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorFiat 1900
SuccessorFiat 2300

Fiat 1800 (1959-68)Edit

 
Fiat 1800

The Fiat 1800 was introduced in 1959, offered as a 4-door sedan and a 5-door Familiare (Station Wagon ). The 1800 model had a 6-cylinder in-line engine with 1795 cc and a power output of 75 hp (55 kW) delivered through a 4-speed transmission. Its maximum speed was, depending on the version, 137 km/h (85 mph) - 142 km/h (88 mph). This was replaced in 1961 with the 1800 model B: the engine output was now 81 hp (60 kW) and top speed between 143 km/h (89 mph) and 146 km/h (91 mph).

Fiat 2100 (1959-61)Edit

 
Fiat 2100 Speciale

The 2100 was a version with a bigger 2054 cc six-cylinder engine. In autumn 1959, the 2100 Speciale was introduced with a lengthened wheelbase and different front grille. The Speciale was used by diplomats. The 2100 was discontinued in Italy during 1961, when the Fiat 2300 became available.

Fiat 1500L (1961-68)Edit

 
Fiat 1500L

In 1963 Fiat used the body of Fiat 1800/2100 to create a new, less expensive model, the Fiat 1500L. To distinguish it from the 1300/1500 it used the designation 1500L (for 'Lunga, "long"). The car shared its more compact sibling's four-cylinder 1481 cc engine, delivering 72 bhp (54 kW), which was increased to 75 bhp (56 kW) in 1964 for the second series. A reduced-performance version was also offered, aimed at taxi drivers. This proved popular in southern Europe, equipped with a version of the 1481 cc petrol inline-four engine developing just 60 bhp: the low power engine permitted the transport of customers in comfort and space at urban speeds, without consuming too much fuel.

This version was made also by SEAT in Spain, where no other petrol version of the Fiat 1800/2100 was ever produced. It was badged simply as SEAT 1500, since no equivalent of the Fiat 1500 was produced by SEAT. Nearly 200,000 Seat 1500s were built until 1972.

It is estimated that total production in Italy of the Fiat 1800/2100 range is 150,000.

EnginesEdit

 
Fiat 2100 Giardinetta, one of the rare estates
Model Years Engine Displacement Power Fuel system
1800 1959-61 OHV inline-six 1795 cc 75 hp (56 kW) single carburetor
1800B 1962-68 OHV inline-six 1795 cc 86 hp (64 kW) single carburetor
2100 1959-61 OHV inline-six 2054 cc 82 hp (61 kW) single carburetor
1500L 1963-64
1964-67
OHV inline-four 1481 cc 72 hp (54 kW)
75 hp (56 kW)
single carburetor

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Felicioli, Riccardo P. (1999). Fiat 1899 - 1999. Italy: Automobilia, Bruno Alfieri. pp. 82–83. ISBN 88-7960-094-X.