Fengjing (simplified Chinese: 枫泾; traditional Chinese: 楓涇; pinyin: Fēngjīng) is a town in Jinshan District, Shanghai. An ancient water town, it also has a new town with a Canadian theme and an industrial zone. It is a centre for Jinshan peasant painting.
Location (shown in red) in Jinshan District (shown in yellow) within Shanghai
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||91.7 km2 (35.4 sq mi)|
|• Density||690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Fengjing has an area of 91.7 km2 (35.4 sq mi), and had a registered population of 63,400 in 2008. It lies next to the G60 Shanghai–Kunming Expressway and China National Highway 320. Fengjing's railway stations are Fengjing station, on the Shanghai-Kunming Railway, and Jinshan North station on the Shanghai-Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, which opened in 2010.
Fengjing Old Town is a water town, or canal town, dating back to the time of the Yuan Dynasty. It is known for its ancient stone bridges, including the well known Three Bridges. The town is the birthplace of artist Cheng Shifa and cartoonist Ding Cong.
Jinshan peasant painting originated in the Fengjing village of Zhonghong. Since the 1970s this has become a nationally and internationally exhibited form of folk art. A new peasant painters village has been built at Zhonghong, for local peasant artists to live and work in alongside others from peasant art traditions elsewhere in China.
Fengjing New Town is a product of the One City, Nine Towns initiative, which was introduced in 2001 and lasted for the duration of the tenth five year plan (2001–2005). This policy sited one new town in each of the suburban districts of Shanghai, and each town was given its own architectural theme. Fengjing received a Canadian theme. Other Western themes which were used included English, Scandinavian, Italian, Spanish, Dutch and German.
The plan for the new town was for an area of 5.4 square kilometres, to be completed in 2010. In 2004 Canadian architects Six Degrees Architecture and Design provided designs for a collection of neighbourhoods built around canals and a central lake. These designs were used for the landscaping and infrastructure layout of the town. However Chinese designers were then brought in for the commercial and residential building. As of 2010 the town was still incomplete.
Fengjing Industrial Zone is an Economic and Technological Development Zone. It contains Shanghai Textile Industry Pilot Zone, covering 8.6 square kilometres, Shanghai International Garment Machinery Centre covering 4 square kilometres, and another area of 11 square kilometres whose major products include alcoholic beverages and automobiles.
The car manufacturer Shanghai Maple Guorun Automobile was founded in Fengjing Industrial Zone in 1999, and subsequently became a subsidiary of Geely. Geely uses its Fengjing factory to manufacture London black taxi cabs for worldwide export; this was originally a joint venture with a British company, but Geely took over that company in 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fengjing.|
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- "A walk on the water side Fengjing". Shanghai Daily. Shanghai Daily Publishing House. 21 February 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- "Shanghai Fengjing Industrial Zone". rightsite.asia. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Xu, Huiyun; Ren, Shaomi (7 January 2011). "The Painting Holiday". China Today. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
- "China unveils Shanghai-Hangzhou high-speed railway; eyes network extension". Xinhua News Agency. 26 October 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
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- Guo, Ren and Lü (2007), pp. 135–136
- den Hartog (2010a), pp. 34–36
- den Hartog (2010b), p. 94
- Williams, Patricia (30 July 2004). "Toronto architects designing satellite community in China". Journal of Commerce. Reed Construction Data. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- "Investment Guide". Fengjing government website. Archived from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- He (2011), p. 206
- "British icon on wheels made in China". China Daily. China Daily Information Co. 5 September 2008. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- "Coventry taxi maker LTI sold to Chinese firm Geely for £11.4m". BBC News. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
- den Hartog, Harry (2010a). "Urbanisation of the Countryside". In den Hartog, Harry (ed.). Shanghai New Towns: Searching for community and identity in a sprawling metropolis. Rotterdam: 010 Publishers. pp. 7–42. ISBN 978-90-6450-735-9.
- den Hartog, Harry (2010b). "Fengjing New Town (Jinshan District)". In den Hartog, Harry (ed.). Shanghai New Towns: Searching for community and identity in a sprawling metropolis. Rotterdam: 010 Publishers. pp. 94–105. ISBN 978-90-6450-735-9.
- Guo, Huancheng; Ren, Guozhu; Lü, Mingwei (2007). Countryside of China. Beijing: China Intercontinental Press. ISBN 978-7-5085-1096-5.
- He, Xiyou (2011). "Interaction between transnational corporations and local government on industry clusters in China: the case of the automobile industry". In Kuchiki, Akifumi; Tsuji, Masatsugu (eds.). Industrial Clusters, Upgrading and Innovation in East Asia. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 182–218. ISBN 978-0-85793-512-0.