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Fejér (Hungarian: Fejér megye, pronounced [ˈfɛjeːr]) is an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in Central Hungary. It lies on the west bank of the river Danube and nearly touches the eastern shore of Lake Balaton. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Veszprém, Komárom-Esztergom, Pest, Bács-Kiskun, Tolna and Somogy. The capital of Fejér county is Székesfehérvár.

Fejér County

Fejér megye
Holland House
Arboretum in Alcsútdoboz
Town Hall Square (Székesfehérvár)
Descending, from top: Holland House in the park of the Festetich Palace in Dég, Arboretum of Alcsútdoboz, and Downtown of Székesfehérvár
Flag of Fejér County
Flag
Coat of arms of Fejér County
Coat of arms
Fejér County within Hungary
Fejér County within Hungary
Country Hungary
RegionCentral Transdanubia
County seatSzékesfehérvár
Districts
Government
 • President of the General AssemblyDr. Krisztián Molnár (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
 • Total4,358.45 km2 (1,682.81 sq mi)
Area rank11th in Hungary
Population
 (2015)
 • Total417,651[1]
 • Rank7th in Hungary
Postal code
206x, 209x, 24xx,
700x – 701x, 7041, 80xx, 811x – 815x
Area code(s)(+36) 22, 25
ISO 3166 codeHU-FE
Websitewww.fejer.hu

Contents

GeographyEdit

Geographically, Fejér County is very diverse; its southern part is similar (and adjacent) to the Great Hungarian Plain, and other parts are hilly (Bakony, Vértes, Gerecse mountains). Lake Velence, a popular resort, is also located there.

HistoryEdit

Before the ConquestEdit

The area was already inhabited 20,000 years ago. When this part of Hungary formed a Roman province called Pannonia, several settlements stood here: the capital was Gorsium, but there were other significant towns too, where present-day Baracs and Dunaújváros are (the towns were called Annamatia and Intercisa, respectively). In the early Medieval period Huns and Avars lived in the area. After 586 several nomadic people inhabited in the area, until Hungarians conquered it in the late 9th century.

From the Conquest until the Ottoman occupationEdit

Hungarians arrived in the area between 895 and 900. The high prince and his tribe settled down in this area. The town of Fehérvár (modern-day Székesfehérvár) became significant as the seat of Prince Géza. Under the reign of his son, King Stephen, the town became the county seat of the newly formed county. Kings of Hungary were crowned and buried in the town until the 16th century.

Fejér under Ottoman ruleEdit

Fejér county was occupied by Ottomans between 1543 and 1688. Several of the villages were destroyed, the population dramatically decreased. After being freed from Ottoman rule, local administration was reorganized in 1692. Székesfehérvár got back its town status only in 1703.

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Fejér County (2011 census)

  Catholic Church (35.4%)
  Calvinism (10.8%)
  Lutheranism (1.7%)
  Orthodoxy (0.1%)
  Other religions (1.3%)
  Non-religious (19.5%)
  Atheists (1.5%)
  Undeclared (29.4%)

In 2015, it had a population of 417,651 and the population density was 96/km².

Year County population[2] Change
1949 295,750 n/a
1960   357,897 21.01%
1970   391,272 9.33%
1980   420,317 7.42%
1990   418,852 -0.35%
2001   434,317 (record) 3.69%
2011   425,847 -1.95%

EthnicityEdit

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Roma (approx. 6,500), Germans (5,500).

Total population (2011 census): 425,847
Ethnic groups (2011 census):[3] Identified themselves: 372 538 persons:

Approx. 65,000 persons in Fejér County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.

ReligionEdit

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census:[4]

Regional structureEdit

 
District of Fejér County (until December 2014)
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2013)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat № of
municipalities
1 Bicske District
Bicskei járás
578.25 35,660 62 Bicske 15
2 Dunaújváros District
Dunaújvárosi járás
650.05 91,854 141 Dunaújváros 16
3 Enying District
Enyingi járás
433.12 13,187 47 Enying 9
4 Gárdony District
Gárdonyi járás
306.79 29,775 97 Gárdony 10
5 Martonvásár District
Martonvásári járás
277.13 26,531 96 Martonvásár 8
6 Mór District
Móri járás
417.55 34,431 83 Mór 13
- Polgárdi District
Polgárdi járás
defunct from 1 January 2015
7 Sárbogárd District
Sárbogárdi járás
653.52 28,509 44 Sárbogárd 12
8 Székesfehérvár District
Székesfehérvári járás
1,032.05 156,935 152 Székesfehérvár 25
Fejér County 4,358.75 425,847 98 Székesfehérvár 108

PoliticsEdit

 
Countyhall of Fejér.

The Fejér County Council, elected at the 2014 local government elections, is made up of 20 counselors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 13                          
  Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 4                          
  Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) 2                          
  Democratic Coalition (DK) 1                          

Presidents of the General AssemblyEdit

List of Presidents, from 1990[6]
Dr. Krisztián Molnár (Fidesz-KDNP) 2014–

MunicipalitiesEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ nepesseg.com, population data of Hungarian settlements
  2. ^ népesség.com, "Fejér megye népessége 1870-2015"
  3. ^ 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (in Hungarian)
  4. ^ 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.7 Fejér megye, (in Hungarian) [1]
  5. ^ FEJÉR MEGYEI KÖZGYŰLÉS, (in Hungarian) [2]
  6. ^ Önkormányzati választások eredményei (in Hungarian)

External linksEdit