The Federal Labour Court (German: Bundesarbeitsgericht pronounced [bʊndəsˈʔaʁbaɪ̯t͡sɡəˌʁɪçt] ) is the court of the last resort for cases of labour law in Germany, both for individual labour law (mostly concerning contracts of employment) and collective labour law (e.g. cases concerning strikes and collective bargaining). The court hears cases from the Landesarbeitsgerichte (Superior State Labour Courts), which, in turn, are the courts of appeals against decisions of the Arbeitsgerichte (Inferior State Labour Courts).

Federal Labour Court
EstablishedApril 1954
JurisdictionFederal Republic of Germany
LocationErfurt, Thuringia, Germany
Authorized byBasic Law of Germany
President of the Federal Labour Court
CurrentlyInken Gallner [de]
Federal Labor Court Building in Erfurt

The Bundesarbeitsgericht is located in the city of Erfurt.

History and seat


Labor jurisdiction was not completely separated from ordinary jurisdiction until after World War II.[1] The Basic Law, which came into force in 1949, provided in Article 96 (1), which corresponds in principle to today's Article 95 (1), for labor jurisdiction as an independent branch of the legal system with its own supreme court. This constitutional provision was implemented by the Labor Court Act, which entered into force on October 1, 1953, and established the Federal Labor Court. It began its judicial activities in Kassel in April 1954.

In the course of German unification, the Independent Federalism Commission decided in May 1992 to relocate the Federal Labor Court to Thuringia. In 1993, the state capital of Erfurt was determined to be the future seat of the court. Since the move from Kassel to Erfurt in 1999, the court has been based on the site of the former hornworks of the Petersberg citadel.

Especially since 2020, there has been an increased discussion about the reappraisal of Nazi pasts of former judges and their influence on the jurisprudence of the Federal Labor Court.[2][3]


  1. ^ Wolfgang Linsenmaier: Geschichte der Arbeitsgerichtsbarkeit. In:, retrieved 30 May 2012.
  2. ^ David Klaubert (2 December 2020), "Frühere Bundesrichter: Tief verstrickt in NS-Verbrechen",, ISSN 0174-4909, retrieved 2022-08-28
  3. ^ "Arbeit: Bundesgericht startet Forschungsprojekt zu NS-Vergangenheit". Die Zeit. 2021-09-29. Retrieved 2022-08-28.

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