Fashizmi ('Fascism') was a daily Albanian-Italian bilingual newspaper published from Tirana, Albanian Kingdom 1939-1940.[1][2] It functioned as the official organ of the Albanian Fascist Party.[3] Fejzi Alizoti was the editor of Fashizmi.[3] Vangjel Koça served as the managing director of the newspaper.[1][4]

Cover of Fashizmi, March 2, 1940 issue. Headline announces inauguration of Milan-Tirana flight.
PublisherAlbanian Fascist Party
EditorFejzi Alizoti
General managerVangjel Koça
FoundedMay 24, 1939 (1939-05-24)
Political alignmentFascism
Ceased publicationMarch 1940
CountryAlbanian Kingdom

After Albania fell to Italian rule in 1939, the Italian authorities banned the two daily newspapers of Tirana (Shtypi and Drita) and Fashizmi was set up to fill the void and convey the official Italian positions to the Albanian populace.[3][5][6] The newspaper was set up by the General Directorate for Press, Propaganda and Tourism.[2] The first issue was published on May 24, 1939.[1] It was the sole daily newspaper published in Albania at the time.[7] Through an agreement between the (Italian) National Fascist Party inspector and the General Directorate four regional weekly and biweekly bilingual fascist organs were set up as well.[5][7]

The newspaper covered political, social, economical and literary affairs.[1] The issues of Fashizmi contained both Gheg and Tosk orthography, as well as material in Italian on its last page (with the title Il Fascismo).[1][3][8] Issues contained 4-6 pages, with a format of 42 by 57.2 centimetres (16.5 in × 22.5 in).[1]

Fashizmi failed to gain wide readership in Tirana. In a move to downplay concerns that the newspaper was merely a propaganda mouthpiece Fashizmi was closed down in March 1940 and replaced by Tomori (the name of an Albanian mountain).[3][9] However, the Italian authorities gave no official explanation to the closure of Fashizmi.[9]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Christine Körner (1982). Entwicklung und Konzeption der Presse in Albanien und der albanischen Exilpresse. R. Trofenik. p. 445. ISBN 978-3-87828-150-4.
  2. ^ a b Ndreçi Plasari; Shyqri Ballvora (1976). Histoire de la Lutte antifasciste de Libération nationale du peuple albanais : 1939-1944. Éditions "8 Nëntori". pp. 86–87.
  3. ^ a b c d e Bernd Jürgen Fischer (1999). Albania at War, 1939-1945. Purdue University Press. p. 49. ISBN 978-1-55753-141-4.
  4. ^ Robert Elsie (24 December 2012). A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. I.B.Tauris. p. 239. ISBN 978-1-78076-431-3.
  5. ^ a b Owen Pearson (2004). Albania in the Twentieth Century, A History: Volume I: Albania and King Zog, 1908-39. I.B.Tauris. p. 482. ISBN 978-1-84511-013-0.
  6. ^ Zeitungswissenschaft. Vol. 14. Staatspolitischer verlag g.m.b.h. 1939. p. 462.
  7. ^ a b Les Balkans. Vol. 10–11. 1938. p. 301.
  8. ^ Notes et études documentaires (3714–3750 ed.). La Documentation française. 1970. p. 6.
  9. ^ a b Studime filologjike. Akademia e Shkencave e RPSSH, Instituti i Gjuhësisë dje i Letërsisë. 1989. p. 25.