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Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah Al Saud

Imam Faisal (Arabic: فيصل بن تركي بن عبد الله آل سعود‎) (1785–1865) was the second ruler of the Second Saudi State and seventh Head of the House of Saud. He was the son of Imam Turki.

Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah Al Saud
فيصل بن تركي بن عبد الله آل سعود
Emir of Nejd
Reign1834–1838 (first time)
1843–1865 (second time)
PredecessorMushari ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Mushari
Abdallah ibn Thunayyan ibn Ibrahim ibn Thunayyan ibn Saud
SuccessorKhalid ibn Saud ibn Abd al Aziz
Abdallah ibn Faisal ibn Turki
Born1785
Died1865 (aged 79–80)
Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd
Issue
Full name
Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Saud ibn Muhammad ibn Muqrin Al-Maridi Al-Adui
DynastyHouse of Saud
FatherTurki bin Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Saud ibn Muhammad ibn Muqrin Al-Maridi Al-Adui
ReligionSunni Islam (Wahhabi)

RuleEdit

Imam Faisal ruled from 1834 to 1838. Then he was forced into exile by the Ottomans. He reclaimed the throne in 1843 and ruled until 1865.

Turki's Assassination and Ottoman ResistanceEdit

He was deported to Egypt along with other members of his family after the fall of First Saudi State. After a few years he was given a pardon[1] and joined his father Turki in his revolt against the Egyptian forces of the Ottoman Empire.

After Turki established the Second Saudi State, Faisal was sent on military operations to al-Hasa in the east. But his father was assassinated by Mushari bin Abdul-Rahman, a distant cousin. Faisal hurried back to Riyadh to deal with the revolt. His troops stormed the castle and killed Mushari. Those not directly involved in the murder were spared and the town pledged allegiance.

His rule continued to be opposed by the Ottoman forces, however, and the Egyptian governor of Arabia, Khurshid Pasha, supported a rival candidate - Khalid bin Saud. Khalid was a member of the senior line of the Saud family. Faisal was forced to flee the city and take refuge with the al Khorayef princes of the tribes of Bani Tamim. In 1838, he attempted to come to terms with Khurshid Pasha, but was forced to go into exile a second time in Cairo. In 1843, Faisal escaped from captivity again and returned to Riyadh.

ReturnEdit

He easily defeated the Abdallah bin Thunayyan, who had revolted against the ineffective Khalid and taken control. Faisal depended on a close alliance with the Al Rashid family of Hail. Abdullah bin Rashid played a key role in his success, and the two families were extensively intermarried. In return, Faisal appointed Abdullah as the Amir of Ha'il. Faisal governed with great success until his death in 1865.

Infighting among his four sons eventually destroyed the state.

He managed to escape with the help of a group of people called the Osamies tribe from the tribe Otaiba. They returned him to Riyadh according to Prince Turki Al-Abdullah Al-Faisal[who?] said a grandson called Faisal bin Turki, stated that the people who got his grandfather out of prison in Egypt are Osamies.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Shakespear, William. "Captain". Qatar National Library. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mushari ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Mushari
Emir of Nejd
1834–1838
Succeeded by
Khalid ibn Saud ibn Abd al Aziz
Preceded by
Abdallah ibn Thunayyan ibn Ibrahim ibn Thunayyan ibn Saud
Emir of Nejd
1843–1865
Succeeded by
Abdallah ibn Faisal ibn Turki
Preceded by
Turki bin Abdallah
Head of the House of Saud
1834–1865
Succeeded by
Abdul-Rahman bin Faisal