Fabian Steinheil

Count Fabian Gotthard von Steinheil (Russian: Граф Фадде́й Фёдорович Ште́йнгель, tr. Faddéy Fyodorovich Shteyngelʹ; 14 October 1762 – 23 February 1831) was a Baltic German who served as a Russian military officer and the Governor-General of Finland between 1810 and 1824.

Count Fabian Gotthard von Steinheil
Fabian F. von Steinheil.jpg
Portrait by George Dawe
Born3 October 1762
Haapsalu (now Lääne County, Estonia)
Died7 March 1831
Helsinki, Russian Empire
AllegianceRussian Empire
Commands heldRussian Army
Battles/warsNapoleonic Wars

Steinheil was born in Hapsal, Estonia. His father's family was from region of Upper Rhine in Germany (where they had been burghers and officials of their hometowns); and his mother was from a cadet branch of the ancient Baltic House of Tiesenhausen, daughter of nobleman Fromhold Fabian Tiesenhausen, lord of Orina in Estonia. Stenheil's uncle and father had received a baronial title from the imperial authorities.

Fabian von Steinheil became a lieutenant in the Imperial Russian Army in 1782. He took part in the war in Finland in 1788 and in 1791-92 he worked with construction of fortifications in Old Finland, after which he served in military cartography.

He became a Major General in 1789 and took part in the campaigns in Prussia in 1806-1807 and Poland in 1805-1807. He became a Lieutenant General in 1807 and commanded the Russian troops on Åland in 1809 during the Finnish War.

In 1810 he was appointed as the Governor-General of Finland, to succeed Prince Michael Andrew Barclay de Tolly. He was well regarded by the Finnish population and was made a count in 1812. In 1813 he took part in the war against Napoleon as the commander of an army in Courland and Livonia, and was succeeded as Governor-General by the influential Count Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt. However, due to Armfelt's fragile health, Steinheil soon returned to the post of Governor-General which he held to 1824, being then succeeded by Count Arseniy Zakrevskiy.

He remained in Finland and died in Helsinki in 1831.

Honours and awardsEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly
Governor-General of Finland
Succeeded by
Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt
Preceded by
Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt
Governor-General of Finland
Succeeded by
Arseniy Zakrevskiy