Eye of the Needle (Montana)
Eye of the Needle was a sandstone natural arch located along the Missouri River near Fort Benton, Montana. At some point around 1997, it experienced considerable damage, though the cause of that damage is unclear.
|Eye of the Needle|
Poster of the Eye of the Needle
|Location||Chouteau County, Montana|
|Orogeny||Intrusion of igneous rock into sedimentary rock followed by uplift and differential erosion|
The Eye of the Needle was an 11 feet (3 m)-high naturally occurring geographic formation shaped much like an inverted "V". It was located along a section of the Upper Missouri National Wild and Scenic River approximately 56 miles (90 km) downstream from Fort Benton. The arch was described by Meriwether Lewis in his journal, during the 1805 expedition up the Missouri River.
The arch was discovered in a state of destruction on May 27, 1997, by an outfitter during a guided river trip. The top 4 feet (1 m) of the arch had fallen, leaving two pillars. Six other columns near the arch on the south side of the river were also toppled. Early reports suggested that vandals had destroyed the arch. The Justice Department launched an examination of the area and investigators concluded that vandals had used a long tool to gain leverage and topple the arch. Later reports blamed drunken teenagers for the vandalism and a reward of $20,000 was offered for information about the incident. The event received widespread attention and became an educational opportunity for the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to raise awareness about the vandalism of public resources.
Public outcry led officials to debate the benefits of rebuilding the arch. After some consideration, the BLM decided a replica of the formation would be built near the Fort Benton levee, with the remnants of the arch left intact along the river.
In 2002, writer Rick Graetz suggested that the arch was not destroyed by vandalism, but rather through the normal process of erosion and weathering. Other experts agree with Graetz. They have cited the lack of human debris found by the Justice Department's investigation, the difficulty in reaching the arch (either by ascending steep cliffs or taking a long hike), and the lack of any arrests in the case despite the large reward offered.
- Rowles, Genevieve (2011). Montana Adventure Guide. Hunter Publishing, Inc. p. 510. ISBN 1588430596.
- "BLM Announces Decision to Build Replica of Eye of the Needle Arch". Bureau of Land Management. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
- Gobster, Paul H. (2000). Restoring Nature: Perspectives from the Social Sciences and Humanities. Island Press. p. 85. ISBN 1597263389.
- Bohrer, Becky (19 August 2002). "A new take on how a Montana's Eye of the Needle collapsed". Post-Gazette. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
- Associated Press (6 June 1997). "Vandals topple Montana Crown Jewel". Deseret News. Retrieved 12 February 2013.