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Expedition! is an American travel documentary television series that was broadcast in the United States on ABC Tuesday nights in the 1960-61 television season and Monday nights in the 1961-62 television season.

Expedition!
GenreTravel documentary/
Popular science
Presented byJohn D. Craig
Composer(s)Frederick Steiner
No. of seasons2
No. of episodes48
Production
Running time30 minutes
Release
Original networkABC
Picture formatBlack-and-white
Audio formatMonaural
Original releaseSeptember 20, 1960 (1960-09-20) –
April 23, 1962 (1962-04-23)

Contents

SummaryEdit

Producer John D. Craig hosted episodes that documented journeys to various remote regions of the world, looking for such unusual things as Abominable Snowmen, African bushmen, unfriendly jungle tribes in Brazil, ruined cities of antiquity, and strange animals in their natural habitat.[1] Episodes varied, but all focused on geological, geophysical, biological, anthropological, or archaeological themes.

Production detailsEdit

The show was sponsored by the Ralston Purina Company, and was broadcast on the ABC television network 7–7:30 PM on Tuesday nights in its first season and on Monday nights in its second season. The first program was broadcast September 20, 1960; the last show was broadcast April 27, 1962. The show received a Thomas Alva Edison award for science education, an Ohio State award for broadcast journalism, and a 1961 Peabody Award for Television Excellence.[2]

Fred Steiner, a well-known composer of music for television shows from the 1950s through the 1990s, composed the background music for many of the episodes.[3]

EpisodesEdit

Twenty-six episodes were produced and broadcast in the 1960-61 television season.[4][5]

The Frozen ContinentEdit

Broadcast September 20, 1960, this episode presented geophysical information about the South Pole region, along with documentation of winter life in Antarctica.[6] The actual expedition was the scientific exploration of Antarctica under the aegis of the International Geophysical Year (IGY), running from June 1957 through December 1958.[7]

Operation Noah's ArkEdit

Broadcast September 27, 1960, this episode was based on the book of the same name, published earlier that year, by Charles Lagus, on his work as cameraman for David Attenborough during the late 1950s when Attenborough hosted and narrated the seminal BBC nature documentary series Zoo Quest. The subject was the evacuation of African wildlife from jungleland about to be flooded due to construction of a dam.[8]

Journey To The Roof Of The WorldEdit

Broadcast October 11, 1960, this episode was about Tibet.

Men Against the MountainsEdit

Broadcast October 18, 1960, this episode was about the dangers of mountain climbing, focusing on the deaths of climbers on Mount Blanc, the Matterhorn, and Jungfrau in the European Alps.

3000 Years Under The SeaEdit

Broadcast November 6, 1960, this episode focused on a search for a ship that sank off the coast of Turkey thousands of years ago. The expedition, in 1959, and organized by Sam Waterman was the first-ever underwater archaeological expedition to Asia Minor to film a Bronze Age shipwreck.[9]

Land Of The Dying GhostsEdit

Broadcast November 22, 1960, this episode was about Greenland, and the struggle to find food and survive.[8]

Lost Kingdoms Of ArabiaEdit

Broadcast November 29, 1960, this episode documented the unearthing of Timna, the capital city of the pre-Christian kingdom of Qataban, by an expedition researching the ancient spice caravan routes of Southern Arabia.[10] This expedition to Yemen, led by Wendell Phillips of the American Foundation for the Study of Man (AFSM), and running from 1950-1952, was the first major archaeological trek to the area in modern times.[11][12]

Survivors of the Ice AgeEdit

Broadcast December 13, 1960, this episode focused on the musk ox.

Last Of The Arctic NomadsEdit

Broadcast December 20, 1960, this episode focused on the reindeer herders of Lapland.[8]

Weavers Of DeathEdit

Broadcast between December 31, 1960, and June 1, 1961, this episode, based on the book of the same name, focused on the everyday lives and customs of the Bedouin.

War Clubs Of the AmazonEdit

Broadcast between December 31, 1960, and June 1, 1961, this episode was based on the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC article of the same name about warrior tribes living deep in the jungles along the Amazon River in Brazil.

Vanishing MuskoxEdit

This episode was broadcast between December 31, 1960, and June 1, 1961, and focused on efforts to preserve the muskox as a viable species.

Lost World Of The KalahariEdit

Broadcast between December 31, 1960 and June 1, 1961, this episode was a summarization of the six-hour BBC-TV series of the same name, which had been based on the book of the same name by Laurens van der Post, about the San natives of south-central Africa.

(Unknown episode)Edit

This episode was broadcast between December 31, 1960, and June 1, 1961.

Saga Of The TritonEdit

This episode was broadcast February 14, 1961,[13] and covered Operation Sandblast: the underwater circumnavigation of the globe by the US Navy first-generation nuclear-powered submarine USS Triton (SSRN-586), starting February 24, 1960 and ending April 25, 1960. The trip covered 26,723 nautical miles (49,491 km) in 60 days and 21 hours, crossing the Equator on four different occasions. This episode featured film footage from Operation Sandblast with voice-over narration extracted from the ship's logbook written by Captain Edward L. Beach, Jr., the commanding officer of the Triton.[14]

Man's First Winter At The South PoleEdit

Broadcast between December 31, 1960 and June 1, 1961, this episode was based on the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC article of the same name in the April, 1958 issue about IGY research in Antarctica.[15]

Death Rites Of The CamayuraEdit

This episode was broadcast March 7, 1961, and documented the death rites of the Camayura Indians, a tribe living a Stone Age life on Brazil's Upper Xingu River.[16]

Russian Whale HuntEdit

This episode was broadcast between December 31, 1960, and June 1, 1961.

Moon Temple Of ShebaEdit

Broadcast between December 31, 1960 and June 1, 1961, this episode presented more material from the expedition that had been the basis of the "Lost Kingdoms Of Arabia" episode above.

Invisible World Of The DeepEdit

This episode was broadcast between December 31, 1960, and June 1, 1961.

Orinoco QuestEdit

This episode was broadcast between December 31, 1960, and June 1, 1961.

Cliff Dwellers Of The ArcticEdit

This episode was broadcast between December 31, 1960, and June 1, 1961, and documents the lives of the Aseuluk, a small tribe of Inupiat who inhabit King Island in the Behring Strait off the coast of western Alaska.

World Of The PenguinsEdit

Broadcast between December 31, 1960 and June 1, 1961, this episode covered the expeditions of Dr. William Slater, who filmed and studied the life cycle of the penguins in the Falklands. Besides showing the life and struggle of individual penguins, he also showed the answer to the question of how the penguins identify their own chicks in a large group.

Return To The Stone AgeEdit

This episode was broadcast between December 31, 1960, and June 1, 1961.

Flight To The GiantsEdit

This episode was broadcast between December 31, 1960, and June 1, 1961.

Conquest Of DhaulagiriEdit

This episode was broadcast between December 31, 1960, and June 1, 1961, and documented leader Max Eiselin and his Swiss team in their successful mountaineering climb in 1960 of the Himalayan peak Dhaulagiri, at that time the highest unclimbed mountain in the world.

Episodes in the 1961-62 SeasonEdit

Twenty-two episodes were produced and broadcast in the 1961-62 television season.[4][5]

Africa's Animal KingdomEdit

This episode was broadcast September 18, 1961, and contained footage of elephants, lions, giraffes, hippos, crocodiles, white rhino, impala, zebras, springbok, and many more animals native to Africa.

Water People Of BurmaEdit

This episode was broadcast September 25, 1961, and documented the nomadic lives of the Moken people[17] who live their entire lives on small thatch-covered wooden boats that travel along the coasts of Burma and Thailand.

Sacred Well Of SacrificeEdit

This episode was broadcast October 9, 1961, and documented research being done at the Mayan ruins containing the Sacred Cenote at Chichen Itza, Mexico.

Treasure Of The Sacred WellEdit

This episode was broadcast October 16, 1961, and continued the previous week's episode coverage of the research being done at Mayan ruins.

Russian Assault On The AntarcticEdit

This episode was broadcast October 30, 1961.

Rivers Of Fire And IceEdit

This episode was broadcast November 6, 1961.

Valley Of Shangri-LaEdit

This episode, broadcast November 20, 1961, explored a hidden valley in the Himalayas that likely inspired James Hilton's Lost Horizon.

Menace Of The Moving GlacierEdit

This episode, broadcast November 27, 1961, was a continuation of the previous week's episode on the true story of the valley of Shangri-La.

Insect SafariEdit

This episode was broadcast December 4, 1961.

Black Jungle Trial (Trail?)Edit

This episode was broadcast December 11, 1961.

Valley Of The Shadow Of DeathEdit

This episode was broadcast December 18, 1961.

Weavers Of DeathEdit

This episode was broadcast between December 31, 1961 and April 27, 1962.

Shark IslandEdit

This episode was broadcast between December 31, 1961 and April 27, 1962.

Journey To The Lost WorldEdit

This episode, broadcast between December 31, 1961 and April 27, 1962, focused on a South American cave exploration led by Stanley Jeeves[18] in the British colony British Guiana (now known as the independent nation of Guyana), on the Caribbean coast of South America. The expedition was later documented in a 1965 book of the same name by Jeeves.

Saga Of Sea Dragon / Under the IceEdit

This episode, broadcast between December 31, 1961 and April 27, 1962, documented the voyage of the USS Seadragon, a nuclear-powered US Navy submarine on its underwater traverse of the Arctic ice cap. The submarine departed from Portsmouth, New Hampshire on August 1, 1960, and, heading north, traveled from Atlantic to Pacific in two weeks, surfacing at the North Pole midway through the journey.

Land Divers Of PentecostEdit

This episode, broadcast between December 31, 1961 and April 27, 1962, was the first American re-broadcast of an episode of the 1960 BBC television series The People of Paradise, produced and narrated by David Attenborough. The subject was the "land divers" of Pentecost Island of the South Pacific nation of Vanuatu: young men who jumped from tall wooden platforms with vines tied to their ankles as a test of courage, the inspiration for modern-day bungee jumping.

Challenge Of The Pamirs, or Challenge of the Seven PeaksEdit

This episode, broadcast between December 31, 1961 and April 27, 1962, documented the 1950s explorations of the Pamir Mountains (also called "The Roof of the World"), a mountain range in central Asia overlapping several countries.

Behind The Walls Of KanoEdit

This episode, broadcast between December 31, 1961 and April 27, 1962, documented the ancient history of the city of Kano in Nigeria, which had only just become an independent nation October 1, 1960.

Firewalkers Of FijiEdit

This episode, broadcast between December 31, 1961 and April 27, 1962, was the first American re-broadcast of an episode by the same name of the 1960 BBC television series The People of Paradise, produced and narrated by David Attenborough. The episode documented the legendary firewalkers of Beqa Island, Fiji.

Socotra: Forgotten IslandEdit

This episode, broadcast between December 31, 1961 and April 27, 1962, documented the Oxford expeditions, headed by Douglas Botting, into the Yemni island group of Socotra in the Indian Ocean in 1956.

Cliffs Of The DeadEdit

This episode, broadcast between December 31, 1961 and April 27, 1962, documented burial practices in Sagada, Philippines, where coffins for the dead of the Kankanaey tribal people are crafted from century-old pine trees, over which death rituals are performed before the coffins are taken to their final resting places, suspended along the local limestone cliffs.

Cargo CultEdit

This episode, broadcast between December 31, 1961 and April 27, 1962, was the first American re-broadcast of an episode by the same name of the 1960 BBC television series The People of Paradise, produced and narrated by David Attenborough. The subject was the tribal worship called "Cargo Cult", as practised at Sulphur Bay, Fiji.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brooks, Tim and March, Earl (2007) "The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows: 1946–Present", Random House, ISBN 0-345-45542-8, p. 322
  2. ^ | Finding Aid for the Collection of scripts for Expedition!, [ca. 1960-ca. 1962] webpage from the UCLA Performing Arts Special Collections website in the Online Archive of California
  3. ^ Listing of Television Episode Music credits for Frederick Steiner at ASCAP website
  4. ^ a b | Container list for the collection of scripts for Expedition!, [ca. 1960-ca. 1962] webpage from the UCLA Performing Arts Special Collections website in the Online Archive of California
  5. ^ a b Online Electric Library of "Library of Congress Copyright Office: Motion Pictures 1960-1969", Listing for "Expedition" within pages 46-189
  6. ^ Online TIME Magazine archive "Show Business: The New Shows", September 26, 1960
  7. ^ Antarctic History (subsection on "The International Geophysical Year; Permanent Occupation of Antarctica") webpage of the Antarctica History website
  8. ^ a b c Scheuer, Steven H. "Expedition Has Gimmick — Newest in Civic Service" (August 21, 1960) Milawukee Sentinel, page 74 from the online Google archive
  9. ^ "Pioneers and Heroes" Archived 2010-05-25 at the Wayback Machine webpage of the VUAM Ocean Renaissance Company website
  10. ^ Online TIME Magazine archive "CINEMA: Time Listings", December 6, 1960
  11. ^ "Marib and Timna by an unknown artist" Archived 2010-04-06 at the Wayback Machine webpage from British-Yemeni Society website
  12. ^ About the AFSM webapge of the American Foundation for the Study of Man website
  13. ^ Listings (Television) for February 17, 1961 of the online archive of TIME magazine
  14. ^ "The Saga of the Triton". Periscope Films. YouTube. 1961. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
  15. ^ Siple, P. A. (April 1958) "Man's First Winter at the South Pole" National Geographic Magazine, #113, pp. 439-478.
  16. ^ Listings (Television) for Week of March 3, 1961 of the online archive of TIME magazine
  17. ^ "Burma's Sea Gypsies: a Compendium" webpage of the Project Maje website
  18. ^ HYAMS, Keith. Oucc-Sve, Roraima 2004-5. Bol. Soc. Venezolana Espel.m Dec. 2004, vol.38, p.42-44, ISSN 0583-7731 of the online archive of the Bulletin of the Venuezalan Cave Exploration website

External linksEdit