Eustație Altini

Eustație Altini (Greek: Ευστάθιος Αλτίνης; c.1772, Zagora - 1815, Iași) was a Moldavian painter of Greek ancestry; specializing in decorative art and iconostases. He studied in Austria with famous painters Heinrich Friedrich Füger, Johann Baptist Lampi and Hubert Maurer. He was one of few Greek painters to migrate outside of Greece, others included El Greco and Belisario Corenzio. His work completely escaped the typical Greek mannerisms prevalent within the work of his contemporaries. He adapted a unique style mainly influenced by German Austrian art. He influenced 19th-century Romanian art.[1][2][3][4]

Eustație Altini
Eustatie Altini - Portret de femeie.jpg
Portrait of a Woman
Born1772
Zagora, Greece
Died1815
Iași, Romania
MovementRomanian Art

Life and workEdit

 
"Panagia" (Mary and Jesus),
Banu Church, Iași

He was born in Zagora, Greece, when it was still part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1780, following the Orlov Revolt and continued Russian involvement in Greece, supporters of Greek independence were persecuted, so his family fled to Iași which, at that time, was a border city in a semi-autonomous province, under control of the Phanariots. There, he first studied art with a local painter named Nicolae.[5]

His talent attracted attention so, in 1789, with the support of Alexander Ypsilantis, Voivode of Wallachia, he was able to go to Vienna to enroll at the Academy of Fine Arts. There, he studied with Heinrich Friedrich Füger, Johann Baptist Lampi and Hubert Maurer. This was his first major exposure to Western art. Later, he would successfully incorporate perspective and chiaroscuro into traditional icon painting. As Iași was under Russian occupation during that period, Prince Grigory Potemkin has also been credited as being his patron. This, however, has not been verified.[6]

In 1802, he created his first known iconstasis at Banu Church in Iași. It was commissioned by Iacob Stamati (1748-1803), the Metropolitan of Moldavia, who was an admirer of the Russian Enlightenment. Some of his best-known iconostases were those created for Saint Spyridon Church in 1813, one of which depicted an episode in the life of Metropolitan Veniamin Costache [ro], who had commissioned the work.[7]

He also created decorations for the Roman Episcopal Cathedral, at the request of Gherasim Clipa-Barbovschi [ro], the Bishop of Huși, and produced a few portraits of a non-religious nature; mostly of women. During his last years, he led a painting class at the Princely Academy of Iași.[8]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ *Drakopoulou, Eugenia (2010). Greek painters after the fall (1450-1830) Volume C. Athens, GR: Center for Modern Greek Studies E.I.E. p. 153.
  2. ^ Eugenia Drakopoulou (August 24, 2021). "Ευστάθιος Αλτίνης". Institute for Neohellenic Research. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
  3. ^ Drăguț, Vasile (1971). Romanian Painting in Pictures. Romania: Meridiane Publishing House. pp. 109–110.
  4. ^ Drăguț, Vasile (1984). Romanian Art: Modern and contemporary ages. Romania: Meridiane Publishing House. pp. 41–45.
  5. ^ Drakopoulou, 2010, pp 153
  6. ^ Drakopoulou, 2010, pp 153
  7. ^ Drakopoulou, 2010, pp 153
  8. ^ Drakopoulou, 2010, pp 153

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to Eustație Altini at Wikimedia Commons