Eurymeloides bicincta

Eurymeloides bicincta, commonly known as the two-lined gum-treehopper, is a leafhopper in the family Cicadellidae. It is the type species of the genus Eurymeloides.[1] It is a sap-sucking insect and is found on gum-trees in its native southeastern Australia.

Two-lined gum-treehopper
Two-lined gum treehopper03.jpg
Adult demonstrating a symbiotic relationship with meat ants
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Suborder:
Infraorder:
Superfamily:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
E. bicincta
Binomial name
Eurymeloides bicincta
Erichson, 1842

DescriptionEdit

Eurymeloides bicincta grows to a length of about 8 mm (0.3 in). The adult is wedge-shaped and is black with large orange eyes and white lines on its wings. The nymphs are orange.[2]

EcologyEdit

Eurymeloides bicincta is found on Eucalyptus trees where both nymphs and adults have piercing mouthparts and suck the sap. The excess fluid is secreted and is fed upon by ants which are often found associated with the leafhoppers. The ants do not harm the leafhoppers but may drive off potential predators.[2]

Some sand wasps in the tribe Nyssonini prey on this leafhopper, carrying off adults to provision the cells in which they lay their eggs.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cornelius, P. F.; Sysoev, A. V. (1992). "Applications and Opinions: Case 2755". Tropical Zoology. 5: 125–138. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.193.92. doi:10.1080/03946975.1992.10539186.
  2. ^ a b "Two-lined Gum Leafhopper: Eurymeloides bicincta". Brisbane Insects. Retrieved 2014-12-04.
  3. ^ Evans, H. E.; Matthews, R. W. (1971). "Nesting behaviour and larval stages of some Australian nyssonine sand wasps (Hymenoptera : Sphecidae)". Australian Journal of Zoology. 19 (3): 293–310. doi:10.1071/ZO9710293.