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In Greek mythology, Eurotas (/jʊəˈrtəs/; Ancient Greek: Εὐρώτας) was a king of Laconia.

Eurotas
King of Laconia[1]
Eurotas evlahos.jpg
Eurotas, from the modern monument of Leonidas I, Thermopylae
ConsortClete
IssueSparta
FatherMyles

Contents

FamilyEdit

Eurotas was the son of King Myles and grandson of Lelex, eponymous ancestor of the Leleges.[2] The Bibliotheca gives a slight variant of the mythological generation of Eurotas, who was described as the son of Lelex, born from the ground, by his wife Cleocharia.[3] In some accounts, his mother was called Taygete instead.[4] Eurotas had no male heir, but he did have two daughters Sparta and Tiasa[5].

MythologyEdit

Eurotas bequeathed the kingdom to Lacedaemon, the son of Zeus and Taygete, after whom Mount Taygetus was named, according to Pausanias.[6] This Lacedaemon married his daughter Sparta and renamed the state after his wife.

Pausanias says: "It was Eurotas who channelled away the marsh-water from the plains by cutting through to the sea, and when the land was drained he called the river which was left running there the Eurotas."[6] The "cutting through" is seen by Pausanias’ translator and commentator, Peter Levy, S.J., as an explanation of Eurotas (or Vrodamas) Canyon, a ravine north of Skala where the river has cut through the foothills of Taygetus after changing direction to the west of the valley.[7]

Eurotas in artEdit

River-gods are typically represented in Greek art, such as coin motifs, as figures with the bodies of bulls and the faces of humans. If only the face appears, they might wear horns and have wavy hair or be accompanied by fish. Claudius Aelianus states that the Eurotas and other rivers are like bulls.[8]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Malkin, Irad (1994). Myth and territory in the Spartan Mediterranean (PDF). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 6.
  2. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 3.1.1
  3. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.10.3.
  4. ^ Scholia on Pindar, Pythian Odes 4.15, Olympian Odes 6.46 & ad Lycophron, 886
  5. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 3.18.6
  6. ^ a b Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 3.1.2
  7. ^ Pausanias (1971). Pausanias Guide to Greece. Volume 2, Southern Greece. Translated by Peter Levi. Penguin Books. p. 10 Note 3.
  8. ^ Collignon, Maxime; Harrison, Jane E. (Translator, Contributor) (1899). Manual of Mythology in Relation to Greek Art (PDF) (New and Cheaper Revised ed.). London: H. Grevel & Co. p. 204. on Aelian, Variae Historiae, 2.33.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Eurotas at Wikimedia Commons
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Myles
King of Sparta
Pre-Dorian
Succeeded by
Lacedaemon