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Francis Eugene Worley (October 10, 1908 – December 17, 1974) was a United States Representative from Texas and later an Associate Judge and Chief Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals.

Eugene Worley
Senior Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals
In office
June 26, 1972 – December 17, 1974
Chief Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals
In office
April 30, 1959 – June 26, 1972
Appointed byDwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded byNoble J. Johnson
Succeeded byHoward Thomas Markey
Associate Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals
In office
March 9, 1950 – April 30, 1959
Appointed byHarry S. Truman
Preceded byCharles Sherrod Hatfield
Succeeded byArthur Mumford Smith
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 18th district
In office
January 3, 1941 – April 3, 1950
Preceded byJohn Marvin Jones
Succeeded byBen H. Guill
Personal details
Born
Francis Eugene Worley

(1908-10-10)October 10, 1908
Lone Wolf, Oklahoma
DiedDecember 17, 1974(1974-12-17) (aged 66)
Naples, Florida
Resting placeColumbia Gardens Cemetery
Arlington County, Virginia
Political partyDemocratic
ResidenceArlington County, Virginia
EducationTexas A&M University
University of Texas School of Law

Contents

Education and careerEdit

Born on October 10, 1908, in Lone Wolf, Kiowa County, Oklahoma, Worley moved to Shamrock, Texas in 1922, attending the public schools. He attended the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University) in 1927 and 1928, and the University of Texas School of Law from 1930 to 1935. He was admitted to the bar in 1935 and entered private practice in Shamrock from 1935 to 1941. He was a member of the Texas House of Representatives from 1935 to 1940. He was a United States Representative from Texas from 1941 to 1950. He was a lieutenant commander in the United States Naval Reserve during World War II from 1941 to 1942, while a Member of Congress.[1][2]

Congressional serviceEdit

Worley won the Democrat primary nomination following a mass campaign including many high school students.[3] He was elected to the 77th United States Congress and reelected to the four succeeding Congresses and served from January 3, 1941, until his resignation April 3, 1950.[1] He served as Chairman of the Committee on Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives in the 78th United States Congress.[1] In the 1948 general election, Worley handily defeated the Republican Party nominee, Texas historian and rancher J. Evetts Haley, who ran for governor as a Democrat in 1956 and then returned to the GOP to support Barry M. Goldwater in 1964.[citation needed]

Worley's most notable electoral opponent during his Congressional years was LaMarr Bailey, a World War II veteran who ran as an anti-New Dealer. Bailey campaigned around the district on a horse.[4] Bailey lost the Democratic Primary to Worley in 1944.

Federal judicial serviceEdit

Worley was nominated by President Harry S. Truman on February 24, 1950, to an Associate Judge seat on the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals vacated by Judge Charles Sherrod Hatfield. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 8, 1950, and received his commission on March 9, 1950. Worley was initially appointed as a Judge under Article I, but the court was raised to Article III status by operation of law on August 25, 1958, and Worley thereafter served as an Article III Judge. His service terminated on April 30, 1959, due to his elevation to be Chief Judge of the same court.[2]

Worley was nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on March 25, 1959, to the Chief Judge seat on the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals vacated by Judge Noble J. Johnson. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on April 29, 1959, and received his commission on April 30, 1959. He was a member of the Judicial Conference of the United States from 1961 to 1972. He assumed senior status due to a certified disability on June 26, 1972. His service terminated on December 17, 1974, due to his death.[2]

DeathEdit

Worley resided in Arlington County, Virginia during his court service. He died on December 17, 1974, in Naples, Florida. He was cremated and his ashes interred at Columbia Gardens Cemetery in Arlington County.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d United States Congress. "Eugene Worley (id: W000744)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  2. ^ a b c "Worley, Francis Eugene - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
  3. ^ Inc, Time (October 7, 1940). "LIFE". Time Inc – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "Candidate Travels by Horseback to Avoid New Deal," The Canyon News, June 15, 1944, p. 1

SourcesEdit