Esztergom County

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Esztergom County (Latin: comitatus Stringoniensis, Hungarian: Esztergom (vár)megye, Slovak: Ostrihomský komitát / Ostrihomská stolica / Ostrihomská župa, German: Graner Gespanschaft / Komitat Gran) was an administrative county of the Kingdom of Hungary, situated on both sides of the Danube river. Its territory is now divided between Hungary and Slovakia. The territory to the north of the Danube is part of Slovakia, while the territory to the south of the Danube is part of Hungary.

Esztergom County
Comitatus Stringoniensis  (Latin)
Esztergom vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Gran  (German)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(10th century-1543, 1690-1786, 1790-1923, 1938-1945)
Esztergom.png
CapitalEsztergom
Area
 • Coordinates47°48′N 18°45′E / 47.800°N 18.750°E / 47.800; 18.750Coordinates: 47°48′N 18°45′E / 47.800°N 18.750°E / 47.800; 18.750
 
• 1910
1,076 km2 (415 sq mi)
Population 
• 1910
90800
History 
• Established
10th century
• Ottoman conquest
1543
• County recreated
1690
• Merged into Esztergom-Komárom County
1786
• County recreated
1790
• Treaty of Trianon
20 June 1920
• Merged into Komárom-Esztergom County
1923
• County recreated (First Vienna Award)
2 November 1938
• Remerged into Komárom-Esztergom County
1945
Today part of Slovakia
(544 km2)
 Hungary
(532 km2)

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Esztergom, 1891.

Esztergom County shared borders with the counties Bars, Hont, Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun and Komárom. Its territory comprised a 15 km strip to the west of the lower part of the Garam river and continued some 10 km south of the Danube river. Its area was 1076 km² around 1910.

CapitalsEdit

The capital of the county was the Esztergom Castle and the town of Esztergom, then from 1543 onwards, when the territory became part of the Ottoman Empire, the county officials fled to Nagyszombat and Érsekújvár, the latter functioning as a seat (e. g. 1605–1663) and finally since 1714 the previous situation was restored.

HistoryEdit

A predecessor of the county existed as early as in the 9th century, when Esztergom (Slovak: Ostrihom) was one of the most important castles of Great Moravia. The Esztergom county as a comitatus arose at the end of the 10th century as one of the first comitatus of the Kingdom of Hungary. The county had a special status in that since 1270 its heads were at the same time the archbishops of Esztergom.

 
The city of Esztergom in the 19th century

In the aftermath of World War I, the part of Esztergom county north of the Danube became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in 1920 by the Treaty of Trianon. The southern part remained in Hungary and merged with the southern part of Komárom county to form Komárom-Esztergom County in 1923.

 
Komárom and Esztergom counties after the Treaty of Trianon. In 1923, the two counties were merged to form Komárom-Esztergom county.

Following the provisions of the First Vienna Award, the Czechoslovak part became again part of Hungary in November 1938. The old Esztergom county was recreated. After World War II, the Trianon borders were reestablished and Komárom-Esztergom County was recreated again. In 1950, it was renamed to Komárom county and received some additional territories. This county was eventually was renamed to Komárom-Esztergom county again in 1990. The part of the county north of the river Danube is now in Slovakia and is part of the Nitra region.

 
The formation of modern Komárom-Esztergom County. (1) territory assigned from Fejér County to Komárom-Esztergom County in 1950. (2) territory assigned from Veszprém County to Komárom-Esztergom County in 1950.

DemographicsEdit

 
Ethnic map of Esztergom county according to the data of the 1910 census. Key: red - Hungarians; pink - Germans; light green - Slovaks. Coloured dots in a plain rectangle imply the presence of smaller minority populations (generally more than 100 people or 10%). Multicoloured rectangles imply cities and villages with multi-ethnic populations with the order of the stripes following the ethnic composition of the settlement.

In 1900, the county had a population of 87,651 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

SubdivisionsEdit

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Esztergom county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
  Esztergom Esztergom
  Párkány Muzsla (now Mužla) until 1908, after Párkány (now Štúrovo)
  Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Esztergom

Štúrovo and Mužla are now in Slovakia.

 
Esztergom Castle Hill panorama from Štúrovo

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06.
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06.