Estonian Radical Socialist Party

The Estonian Radical Socialist Party (Estonian: Eesti Radikaalsotsialistlik Partei, ERSP) was a political party in Estonia.


The party was founded on 6 May 1917 in Tallinn in order to contest the Estonian Provincial Assembly elections that year.[1] Its initial leaders were Jüri Vilms and Eduard Laaman.[2] The party co-operated closely with the Social Travaillist Party and the two became known as the "Labourites".[3]

The Labourites won 11 of the 62 seats in the Assembly elections,[4] becoming the second-largest faction after the Rural League, and went on to finish second in the 1918 Constituent Assembly elections.

In 1919 the two parties merged to form the Estonian Labour Party.[1]


The Radical Socialist Party was founded as a clearly left-wing party, that supported social equality, democracy, but also liberal economic policies, and had a similar programme to the Russian Trudoviks.[1] Its voters came from the poorer classes and therefore it had a radical approach to the land reform and advocated the separation of church and state and a democratic constitution, which would give more power to the parliament.


  1. ^ a b c Vincent E McHale (1983) Political parties of Europe, Greenwood Press, p389 ISBN 0-313-23804-9
  2. ^ "23. aprilli tähtsamaid ajaloosündmusi Eestis". Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2014-03-17.
  3. ^ McHale, p383
  4. ^ Suny, Ronald Grigor (1993). The Revenge of the Past. ISBN 978-0-8047-2247-6.