Essex County Natural History Society

The Essex County Natural History Society (1833–1848) in Salem, Massachusetts, was formed "for the purpose of promoting the science of natural history."[1] It endeavored "to form a complete collection of natural productions, curiosities. &c, particularly of this county; and, to form a library of standard books on the natural sciences."[2] The society incorporated in 1836; Andrew Nichols, William Oakes, and William Prescott served as signatories. Other members included Samuel B. Buttrick, Samuel P. Fowler, John M. Ives, John C. Lee, George Osgood, Charles G. Page, Gardner B. Perry, George Dean Phippen, William P. Richardson, John Lewis Russell, Henry Wheatland.[3][2][4] By 1836 some 100 members belonged to the society.[2] In Salem its "cabinets and library were first deposited in Essex Place, then in Franklin Building, then in Chase's Building, Washington Street, and finally removed to Pickman Place, in 1842."[5] In 1848 the society merged with the Essex Historical Society to form the Essex Institute.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ An act to incorporate the Essex County Natural History Society, Feb. 12, 1836. Laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, v.13. Dutton and Wentworth, 1836
  2. ^ a b c James R. Newhall. Essex memorial, for 1836: embracing a register of the county. Salem: published at the bookstore of Henry Whipple, 1836
  3. ^ "Memorial of Henry Wheatland". Historical Collections of the Essex Institute. 30. 1893.
  4. ^ Plummer Hall: its libraries, its collections, its historical associations, Salem, Mass.: Salem Athenaeum, 1882, OCLC 13736607, OL 7000156M
  5. ^ Act of incorporation, constitution and by-laws of the Essex Institute, incorporated February, 1848: With a catalogue of the officers and members. W. Ives and G.W. Pease, Printers, 1855

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

  • Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum. Essex County Natural History Society Records, 1833-1873.